In Dostoevsky, the patients are suspicious and atonement

The Duke of Lev Meshkin in Dostoevsky’s “Idiot” can be compared with Jesus. Indeed, this can be compared. If a person grasps a strange truth and combines thinking and life into one, so that he is isolated from the crowd around him and becomes an enemy of all things, such a person can compare with Jesus. In addition, the similarity between Meshkin and Jesus is not very significant. I also noticed a feature, an important feature, that is, Mishkin has the flavor of Jesus – the purity of timidity. The hidden horror of sex and reproduction is an indispensable feature of Jesus in the “history” and Jesus of the Gospels. This feature has been closely integrated with his secular mission. Like the image of Jesus in Renan, even the superficial image of Jesus did not miss this feature.

But it’s weird—Meshkin’s comparison with Christ, although it has never been able to resonate with me—I found that I had inadvertently connected the two images. It caught my attention, it was a later event, and it was because of some tiny features. One day, when I think of an idiot, I find that I always think of idiots from the branches. When he thought about him, the first moment that flashed in his heart, he appeared, and it appeared in a special scene without meaning. It is also true when thinking of the Savior. When some associations remind me of “Jesus”, or when I touch the word Jesus through my ears or eyes, in the first glint, what I see is not Jesus in the wilderness, Jesus who is performing miracles. , or Jesus at the resurrection, but the last cup of loneliness in the Garden of Gethsemane, or Jesus who tore his soul for the inevitable pain and the pain of the higher birth. At this time, Jesus looked for the last comfort as a poor child, and looked around the disciples, seeking some warmth in the desperate loneliness, human contact and some beautiful atmosphere – but the disciples were asleep. They are lying and sleeping. Peter of Zhuangsu, lovely John, these kind people are sleeping. Jesus believes in them forever with goodwill and love. Jesus communicated to them with his thoughts, at least in part. As if they knew his words, he seemed to have passed his thoughts to them, evoked resonance, or found understanding, intimacy and union among them. At this moment, in this unbearable moment, he looks back at these partners, the only things he has in the world. He was completely happy, he became a man and became a distressed person, so now he can be as close as possible to them as before, and find comfort and peace in any insane words of the disciples. Encourage – but the disciples are not there, they are all asleep, and they are jealous. How did this terrible moment come from? We don’t know. But from adolescence, it has penetrated deeply into my heart. As mentioned earlier, when I think of Jesus, this moment of memory will inevitably follow.

When I think of Meshkin, there are also such pictures. When you think of him, or think of an idiot, the first thing that flashes out is the moment when the glimpse does not seem important. And it is a moment of complete isolation and tragic loneliness that is as unbelievable as Jesus. The scene I said refers to the fact that the Duke gradually improved after a seizure in the house of Lebodiyev in Pavlovsk, and when Ye Quanqin came to visit him. At this time, among the bright and elegant but implied and depressed people, suddenly a group of young revolutionaries and nihilists came in. The well-behaved youth Ibori ran with the man he called the son of Berflishchev, the “boxer” and other men. The scene was really unpleasant, making people feel pitiful, angry and disgusting. In this scene, the youth who walked narrowly into the magic road showed a seemingly inhumane malice, standing on the stage of the dazzling light, standing naked.

Each of their words, on the one hand, because of its influence on the kind of good Meshkin, on the one hand, because it brutally exposes and hurts the speaker himself, causing double suffering – in the novel itself, I The alleged scene is not important and not particularly powerful, but weird but unforgettable. On the one hand, it is a social group, an elegant mass, a sociable person, a wealthy person, a powerful person, and a conservative. On the other hand, it is a violent young man who knows resistance, hates, and does not know how to be high. Scruples, rogues, wildness, and stupid youths who are theoretically rational but lacking in goodness – between the two factions, the Duke is isolated and frank, and both sides observe him with critical eyes and extreme tension. How does this scenario end? This is the end: Meshkin made two or three small mistakes with excitement, but adopted a kind and naive attitude, smiled and accepted unacceptable things, and answered the extremely shameless behavior without any help. Putting on himself, an eyebrow provoked – thus, he completely lost his position and was despised by everyone – but not all factions are so jealous that he can’t afford it. This is true not only for young people who are hostile to the elderly, but also for the elderly. Everyone abandons him. He stepped on everyone’s feet and hurt his feelings. For a time, the extreme opposition formed by class, age and doctrine disappeared, and everyone was equally angry, even completely neglecting the only purity that he contained.

Why can’t this idiot walk in the world of others? Why isn’t there anyone who knows him? Although everyone loves him in some form, his moderation is also loved by everyone, or even regarded as a model. What factors have dragged this weirdo away from other people, ordinary people? Why do they want to boycott him? Why is it so necessary? Why did he encounter the same fate of Jesus who was for the world and for his disciples?

This is because idiots have different opinions from others. But this is not to say that his opinions are not as logical as others, or that he has a more childish association than others. Meshkin’s thinking, I call it “magic” thinking. He – this gentle idiot, will deny the whole life of the other, the whole thoughts and feelings, and the whole world and reality. The reality is different for him. The reality of others is completely like a shadow to him. He saw a new reality and demanded a new reality, so in this respect, he became the enemy of everyone.

Some people respect the values ​​of power, money, family or country, but Meshkin does not respect them. However, this is not the difference between him and them. Nor does it mean that he represents the spirit and others represent the substance. For this idiot, matter also exists. Although he does not necessarily think that matter is important, he still recognizes its meaning. His demands and ideals are not abstinence, Indian-style, nor are they spiritually self-satisfied because they tend to be self-affirmed, so that they are separated from the real world of appearance.

Ah, for the sake of both the natural and the spiritual rights, for the necessity of the interaction between the two, Meshkin only has to coordinate with others. However, the two worlds of nature and spirit exist at the same time, and they have the same rights. For others, this is just an intellectual proposition, but it is life for Meshkin! It is reality! This alone does not clearly express its meaning. Try a few different ways of doing it now.

Mishkin is also a very intelligent person, but because he is an idiot, he is an epilepsy patient, so he is closer to the subconscious mind than others, and thus can distinguish Meshkin from others. For him, the highest experience is the half-second that has been tasted a few times with the highest sensitivity and insight. That is to say, the power of magic has been between the moments, the brilliance of the moment, has become the root of all things in the world, it can feel everything, can suffer with everything, can understand and affirm everything, the power of this magic It is the highest experience for him. In this highest experience, there is a core of its essence. He is neither aware of the magic and mysterious wisdom, nor is he sighed by the study of magic and mysterious wisdom (although it was once in the rarest moments), but actually experienced. He not only has rare thoughts and opinions, but has once and for a few stops in the singular boundaries of affirmation of everything. Here, the most alienated thoughts are also true, and all things contrary to these kinds of ideas are true.

This is his terrible place, and it is also a place where others can’t be afraid. He is not completely isolated, and the whole world is not against him. Occasionally, some people will understand him emotionally. These people are extremely suspicious and dangerous people who have been involved in danger. They are Rogersin and Nastancia. Mishkin is a pure man, a gentle child, who can gain the understanding of crime and hysterical women! However, this child is never as gentle as the appearance. His innocence is not the innocence of a good gentleman. People are afraid that he makes sense.

I have said that an idiot has occasionally approached all thoughts to the limit that is true to the contrary. In other words, he has already felt that any thought, law, character, and organization are true and justified from a certain point of view—and that everything has the opposite pole. Watching the world, setting an orderly pole, and taking a position are the primary foundations of all organization, culture, and morality. Anyone who feels that spirit and nature, good and evil can be transformed in a very short moment, is the most terrible enemy of all orders. Because from here there will be the opposite of things or chaos.

Returning to the subconscious mind and chaotic thinking will destroy all human order. As far as “Idiot” is concerned, we can say that he can only speak the truth sometimes in the dialogue. Besides the truth, he does not say anything. He is a poor person. This is true. Everything is true, everything is ok. In order to organize the world, achieve the goal, and make law, society, organization, culture and morality possible, negation with affirmation is also needed. The world must be divided into good and evil in opposition. Even if all negation, taboos, and the initial setting of “evil” are unstructured – as long as it becomes the law, the result of being the result of all thoughts and orders becomes sacred.

The most noble reality that human culture has revealed is that the world has been divided into light and dark, good and evil, and whether it is possible. But for Meshkin, the most noble reality is that all rules can be changed, and on the contrary, the wonderful experience of the same right exists. “Idiot” finally introduced the parental power of the subconscious world and abandoned the culture. He did not disparage the laws of the law, only turned away from it, and secretly wrote the opposite.

The enemies of the order, the terrible destroyers, do not appear as sinners, but appear as cute and shy characters with innocence, elegance, sincerity and no self. This is the secret of this terrible book. Dostoevsky portrays such people as patients and epilepsy patients through deep feelings. New things, terrible things and representatives of uncertain future things, pioneers of predictable chaos, in Dostoevsky, as long as they are patients, are suspicious characters and atonementers. Rogersin is like this, Nastia is like this, and so are the four Karamazov brothers. They are all described as unconventional characters and are also written as abnormal exceptions. But we have a sacred respect for their unconventional and mental illness, just as the Asians have respected the madman.

The things that are worthy of note, singularity, importance, and destiny are not because of the illusion of genius epilepsy in some parts of Russia in the 1950s and 1960s. Importantly, these books have gradually become regarded as important prophecies by European youth. Surprisingly, we pay attention to these criminals of Dostoevsky, hysterical patients and idiots, which are completely different from the attitudes of criminals and idiots who look at other best-selling novels. We cringely understand them, love them wonderfully, and we find something similar to these people in ourselves.

This is not due to accidentality, but it is not based on the external relationship and literary factors in Dostoevsky’s works. He has many amazing features – in the case of the currently highly developed subconscious psychology, he can be said to be a pioneer figure – his work is not amazed by the high level of knowledge and skill. We are basically not admired by the artistic milestones of the world we are familiar with. We feel that his works are prophetic, and that his works have previously reflected the disintegration and chaos that Europe has faced in recent years, but it seems that no one would think that the author’s character world is an ideal and meaningful future. Image. We have not even seen the exemplary character of “you must be so” in Meshkin or other characters. What we feel is the inevitability in this sense: “We must pass, because this is our destiny!”

Although the future is uncertain, the roads shown here are well organized. This has meant a new position of spirituality. This road has already moved forward over Meshkin, and requires the “magic” thinking and the accommodation of chaos, and demands to return to the disorderly world, returning to the back of the subconscious, intangibles, animals and animals, and also demanding to return to everything. The root of it. But this is not for pauses, nor for animals and primitive slaughters, but for taking new directions and identifying the impulsive impulses and development possibilities at our roots, engaging in new creations, building values, and dividing up world. No program will guide us to discover this path. No revolution will open the door to this road for us. Only go on your own. Any one of us will have a moment in the life of Meshkin’s boundaries: the previous truth is over, and the new truth has begun. Any one of us will experience the few seconds of Meshkin’s insight in the heart, and face the death penalty with Dostoevsky, and recover from the discovery of the prophet for a few seconds. Experience.