If you have an understanding of European-looking film and television dramas, you will be impressed by the frequently-occurring hedge-like labyrinth garden. In “Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire”, Harry had a monster in the labyrinth of the labyrinth. In the Tudor dynasty, he killed his wife, madman Henry VIII, and Britain’s most famous little three-year-old Annie Bolin once in the labyrinth garden of Hampton Court Palace. I have been lingering, and there is also a labyrinth garden in the place where Princess Sissi and her husband Joseph’s romantic love happened. From ancient Greece to modern times, how do ghosts haunt and sneak in the European labyrinth garden, how to become synonymous with romance? Don’t look too good at the ever-changing European labyrinth garden.
a monster and demons
The maze originated from ancient Greek culture. The king of Crete, Minos, angered the gods because he sacrificed the god Poseidon with an ordinary cow. As a punishment, his wife and a white bull gave birth to the Minotaur Astrion, architect Dadaros was ordered to build a temple to imprison the Minotaur, the famous Minos labyrinth.
Every year, seven pairs of boys and girls are sent to the Minoan labyrinth for sacrifice. The prince of Athens, Athens, finally decided to enter the maze to kill the Minotaur. In Crete, Princess Ariadne fell in love with Theseus, she gave him a group of magical red clews, and finally, Matthews reached the center of the maze by the guidance of the red line, killing the bull’s head. strange. Theseus became a hero since then. Later, the line of Ariadne used to compare the methods and paths of the labyrinth and the clues to solve complex problems.
Therefore, the image of the maze was first associated with the monster.
In the Middle Ages, Christianity regarded the maze as a symbol of the hard constraints that the righteous must endure. At the same time, Christianity gave the line of guidance to its followers. The maze became an important symbol of religious art during this period.
The most magnificent Christian maze is located in the Cathedral of Chartres. This church, which stands above the Boca Plain in northern France, is a Gothic building with a huge rose window, dense flying buttresses and Towering asymmetrical spires.
Inside the church is a forty-foot square labyrinth inlaid among blue and black marble. Anyone entering from the West Gate will be caught in the concentric circle of the maze and follow its curved cross-shaped route to the rosette in the center of the maze. The Christian maze is a cross-shaped eleven-diameter labyrinth. 11 is a sinful figure in Augustine’s view, because it is more than the number of Christian Ten Commandments and less than the number of twelve disciples; the eleventh path maze is a symbol of the devil. . The rosette in the center of the labyrinth depicts the victory of the Minotaur warriors, so the process of entering the maze is the process of his victory over the demons.
Two rot country labyrinth garden and ghost culture
During the Renaissance, from the world ruled by the will of God in the Middle Ages, to a new world of free will and personal choice. During the Tudor dynasty (1485-1603), with the beginning of the British religious reform, the forces of the new aristocrats and the bourgeoisie grew rapidly, and the rich gained a large amount of land in the enclosure movement. The United Kingdom began to emulate French gardens, the most representative of which is Hampton Court Palace. This place is the most famous haunted castle in the UK and is a must-see for the corrupt people.
Beginning in 1514, Cardinal Thomas Walsh spent 200,000 gold coins over seven years, creating the Hampton Court, the nation’s most luxurious building. There is a famous maze in the palace, which is the oldest existing hedge maze in the UK and the most famous maze in the world. This labyrinth was wedged into the corner of the palace “Wild Fun Garden” and has a unique trapezoidal shape. Therefore, the path in the maze has almost no right angle, which makes it particularly difficult to determine its own position. This maze had two main functions at the time. One was to play the dog’s blood romance drama, and the other was the constant haunted event.
Having said that, our Cardinal later fell out of favor, and in 1528 he dedicated the Hampton Court to Henry VIII. Soon, Henry VIII and his lover Anne Bolin stayed here, and Anne Bolin, who was a queen’s wife, succeeded in becoming the second queen. Three years later, Anne Bolin, who had no male sons and was rejected, was beheaded for adultery. The fifth queen of Henry VIII was Catherine Howard, the cousin of Anne Bolin, who became a queen in 1540, and was executed a year later for adultery. The Hampton Court, where the wife of the murderer Henry VIII lived, has often been haunted by ghosts. The evil spirits are naturally the two queens of his miserable fate.
“Tudor Dynasty” Anne Bolin Stills
The corrupt people like the ghost culture. Not only the tradition of Christmas is the ghost story of MR James, but also many castles in the country have to be with the ghost culture. The labyrinth of Hampton Court Palace is of course a ghostly cultural destination. Along this ghost culture, the European Labyrinth Garden has been used as a place of horror and ghost movies in the movie. In the movie “Sparkling”, Danny escaped to the hedge maze of the top of the mountain in order to avoid the pursuit of his father Jack. A thrilling game of cats and mice was launched here. The film “Pan’s Labyrinth” is put directly to the various monsters in the maze, child predators such as gray color skull, was scared to see once again.
The movie “Pan God’s Labyrinth”
Three scams, sexual liberation and romance
In folk culture, the lawn maze is a rendezvous place for lovers. An 18th-century report describes how the Safran Walden maze is “used for the love of men and women in the town.” “The labyrinth center is called home, a young girl stands in it, and her boyfriend is Try to find her as soon as possible within a certain time.”
The maze is also the place where more debauched activities take place. For example, according to Giovanni Mariotti, the labyrinth originally built in Schloss Schönbrunn was ruined because it has become “soldiers and maids, officers and ladies, Prostitutes and gentlemen” are the places where the peace meets.
Similarly, in the 18th century, at a rave party in Villa Pisani, Italy, a near-porn game was going on. There is a maze garden made of boxwood in the Pisani villa. In the center is a plant-wrapped tower. A blindfolded woman will stand on the top of the tower of the central tower and give herself to the first man who catches her. . There is also a rumor: “A masked lady is standing under the tower of the labyrinth of the labyrinth. The knight can only pick up the yarn when she comes to her, and uncover the true face.” In any case, the labyrinth garden in the 18th century The arrival of one-time liberation has become a “sacred place” or “a secluded place.”
Labyrinth Garden in Villa Pisani, Italy
This trait of the Labyrinth Garden also has many performances in film and television dramas, such as the popular British drama “Famous” in recent years. This is not an outside story of Downton Manor, but a shocking depiction of the survival history of a group of London prostitutes. . In 1763, London’s economy grew rapidly, while nearly one in five women in London needed to maintain their lives through prostitution. The moral decline of the upper class, the difficult survival of the bottom women, accompanied by the wave of the first liberation. In this play, the labyrinth garden is also a frequent visitor to many scenes, and will not be repeated here.
English drama “Famous” stills
The labyrinth garden and romantic touches can be traced back to the late Middle Ages. On April 6, 1327, Franzisco Petrarch saw a beautiful woman in St. Clair’s Church. He created a sonnet that praised her “gentle manners” and “sweet words,” which ended with these words:
At the golden morning prayer on April 6th,
I stepped into a maze, but I couldn’t see any way out.
In this poem, Petrarch reimagined the pilgrim’s path as a romantic love journey, beautifully completing the transformation of the maze metaphor and opening a new world of maze symbols.
The “maze of love” was very popular in Europe from the mid-16th century to the mid-17th century. The maze of love can represent the happy ending of hardship and love, or it can represent the opposite result: accidental entanglement is inevitable. The Labyrinth Garden was often used to describe love, or was used as a magic weapon to show love. The labyrinth garden in Hampton Court Palace and the labyrinth garden in Schönbrunn Palace also have elements used by the royal family to show love.
In the movie “The Princess of Sissi”, which was released in 1955, the palace where she and her husband Franz Joseph I lived was the Schönbrunn Palace in Vienna. This royal palace we mentioned above, the labyrinth garden in Schönbrunn Palace in the 18th century is a sultry and full of “the rendezvous sanctuary.” In “The Princess of Sissi”, it became the perfect garden for the prince and princess to start a good life. In the following stills, the hedge behind the Princess Sissi is the labyrinth garden.
Movie “Sissi” stills
The labyrinth garden of Schönbrunn Palace is huge. Through the picture below we can see the giant stone arches at the entrance to the labyrinth garden.
If you step into it, it is like this.
Henry VIII made a lot of money for Anne Bolin, and Franz Joseph continued to build the Schönbrunn Palace for the Princess Sissi, which added a romantic color to the European labyrinth garden. In the end, the royal love in history is still more sad and less romantic. This is also verified by the tragic endings of Anne Bolin and Princess Sissi.
However, the imagination of modern people is too strong. Due to the above-mentioned historical facts, rumors and film and television dramas, people have hardly converted a ghostly haunted, gossip labyrinth garden into a synonym for romance.