Blood vessels are a series of pipes through which blood flows. In addition to tissues and organs such as the cornea, hair, nails and epithelium, blood vessels spread throughout the body, transporting nutrients, nourishing the body and sustaining life. In a child’s childhood, the blood vessels are the youngest, the most energetic, the blood vessel wall is soft and the elasticity is good, so the ability to transport blood is the strongest, and the organs and tissues generally do not suffer from ischemia and hypoxia. You rarely hear that children have coronary heart disease or cerebral infarction, and the mystery is here.
As we age, blood vessels are getting older. Look at the water pipes and gas pipes in the home. It takes a long time. The inner wall of the pipes will be scaled and rusted, which will gradually cause the pipes to be blocked and unable to supply water and supply gas. The same is true for blood vessels. As the age increases, cholesterol, triacylglycerol and other components accumulate on the blood vessel wall, the flexibility of the blood vessel wall decreases, the blood vessels harden, the blood flow is blocked, and eventually cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases are caused by ischemia.
In general, the age of a person’s blood vessels is restricted by the physiological age, that is, the young blood vessels of young people are young, and the aged blood vessels are also aging, but not all of them. The influence of lifestyle on blood vessels is very important. A large amount of research data shows that a healthy lifestyle can delay the aging of blood vessels; on the contrary, an unhealthy lifestyle can also accelerate the aging of blood vessels. I don’t see some 60-year-old blood vessels as young as 30-year-olds, and some people in their 30s have the same aging as 60-year-olds? Therefore, it is very important to exert your subjective initiative and maintain the relative rejuvenation of blood vessels.
1. Harm the microcirculation perfusion in the circulatory system. A large amount of low-density lipoprotein and chylomicrons in the body are freed and deposited in the blood, which reduces the flow rate of blood, increases the viscosity of the blood, and stagnates the capillaries of the microcirculation.
2. A large amount of lipoprotein deposits and moves in the plasma, lowers the blood flow rate, and deposits on the endothelium of the arteries after rancidity by oxidation, and adheres to the inner wall of the blood vessel for a long time, thereby damaging the endothelium of the arteries, forming hardening of blood vessels and exceeding blood lipids.
3. When the human body forms atherosclerosis due to long-term hyperlipidemia, the blood flow in the coronary artery becomes smaller, the lumen of the blood vessel becomes narrower, and the blood volume of the myocardial blood is reduced, causing myocardial ischemia, leading to angina pectoris and coronary heart disease.
4. Long-term high blood lipids can lead to fatty liver, and the liver atherosclerosis is damaged, the structure changes after liver lobular injury, leading to cirrhosis and impairing liver function.
5. Angiogenesis after atherosclerosis, leading to myocardial dysfunction, angiotensin-converting enzyme will be activated in large numbers, promote vasospasm, induce the adrenal gland to secrete vasopressin, causing blood pressure to rise.
6. Once the human body forms high blood pressure, the blood vessels will often be paralyzed, and the cerebral blood vessels will be damaged after the sclerosing, causing rupture, forming a hemorrhagic stroke, and the cerebral blood vessels stagnating in the state of thrombosis, leading to cerebral infarction.
Is your blood vessel still healthy?
Knowing the physiological functions of blood vessels and the dangers of vascular diseases, it can be understood how important it is to maintain the health of the blood vessels and the longevity of a person. Therefore, it is worthwhile to test your blood vessel age in order to adjust your lifestyle in time to return the blood vessels to “youth.” The self-test methods for blood vessel age proposed by foreign experts are as follows:
1. Emotional depression.
2. Too much truth.
3. Eat instant noodles and biscuits, snacks.
4. Partially eat meat food.
5. Not willing to exercise.
6. Multiply the number of cigarettes per day by more than 400.
7. Chest pain when climbing stairs.
8. The hands and feet are cold and numb.
9. Poor memory, often lost three.
10. Blood pressure rises.
11. Cholesterol or elevated blood sugar.
12. Some of the relatives died of coronary heart disease or stroke.
If you only meet 1 to 4, your blood vessel age is young and should be maintained. If you meet 5-7, your blood vessel age is over 10 years old. If you meet 8-12, your The age of the blood vessels will be more than 20 years older than the physiological age. The emergence of the latter two situations suggests that you are ready to adjust your lifestyle.
Blacklist of vascular “natural enemies”
Meals, big fish, big meat, blood vessels are easy to block
Most of the dishes in the restaurant are made from “red oil red sauce”. Often, it is easy to make the fat in the blood vessels more and more, and the blood vessels are blocked.
Hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia
The probability of cerebral infarction in hypertensive patients is 4 to 7 times that of normal people. Hyperglycemia not only affects microvessels, but also causes lesions in large blood vessels. People with high blood sugar have a 2 to 3 times higher incidence of stroke than normal people. Abnormal blood lipid metabolism, its most important and prominent hazard is caused by atherosclerosis, resulting in insufficient blood supply to the corresponding organs or tissues, leading to coronary heart disease, cerebral ischemic attack or cerebral infarction and peripheral vascular disease. Hyperlipidemia can promote the occurrence of coronary heart disease (unstable angina, acute myocardial infarction, sudden death of coronary heart disease) in patients with coronary heart disease.
Perennial smoking or passive smoking
Tobacco smoke contains carbon monoxide, which promotes atherogenesis and leads to heart disease. Nicotine in tobacco causes a rapid increase in heart rate, an increase in blood pressure, and smoking increases blood viscosity and is more prone to thrombosis.
A lot of drinking will increase the heart rate, blood pressure rises sharply, and it is easy to induce stroke. Long-term drinking can also cause fatty lesions in the heart, seriously affecting the normal function of the heart.
stay up late
Long-term staying up late, the body will secrete hormones such as adrenaline, leading to increased heart rate, increased blood pressure, thereby increasing the pressure on the cardiovascular system. If the continuous rest is not good, plus emotional anxiety, blood pressure fluctuations, it is easy to induce cerebrovascular disease, and even sudden death.
Don’t love sports
Sedentary causes weight gain, and the heart burden increases, affecting the heart’s blood circulation, which indirectly promotes high blood pressure and aggravates coronary heart disease. If you do not exercise for a long time, atherosclerotic plaque will form in the blood vessels. In fact, even if it is walking, the elastic force of the blood vessels will be enhanced by the contraction of the leg muscles.
Vascular health is indispensable for scientific monitoring and management
Regularly check blood lipids
It is recommended that adults over the age of 20 measure fasting lipids at least every 5 years. Men over 40 years of age and postmenopausal women are recommended to have a blood lipid test every year. For ischemic cardiovascular disease and other high-risk groups, blood lipids should be measured every 3 to 6 months.
Regularly measure blood pressure
If adults do not have high blood pressure, it is recommended to measure blood pressure once a year. High blood pressure patients should be able to measure blood pressure every morning and evening, and insist on blood pressure monitoring.
If you feel that it is cumbersome to record with a pen and paper, you can use the Hypertension Doctor APP to manage your blood pressure. In addition to manually inputting blood pressure data, you can also use the Bluetooth blood pressure meter for one-click measurement and data upload, and view each blood pressure data and trend graph at any time. It will automatically generate a blood pressure report every week and every month to let your blood pressure control. In your own hands!
Building a healthy lifestyle
A healthy lifestyle needs to start with diet, exercise, work and rest, lifestyle, and psychological adjustment.
Work and rest: go to bed early and get up early, do not stay up late, let the blood vessels have enough relaxation to enjoy sleep.
Living habits: stay away from tobacco, limit drinking, substitute tea for wine, avoid sedentary, and have more activities.
Psychological adjustment: Maintaining a good mentality is also an important way to protect blood vessels.
Follow the doctor’s advice and take the medicine on time
If you have cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, please follow the doctor’s advice, adhere to a healthy diet, take the medicine on time and in volume, and do not change the medicine or stop the medicine.
Exercise keeps blood vessels “youth” forever
Life is in motion, and blood vessels are no different. The American Heart Association conducted a comparative study of young people (average age 27 years) and old athletes (mean age 65 years). The results show that long-term regular physical activity or exercise can protect the blood vessel wall and avoid age. Causes vascular aging and keeps the vascular function of the elderly young.
Why does exercise make the blood vessels “youth” long? One of the mysteries is that exercise can increase the level of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol in the body. High-density lipoprotein cholesterol has small particles and high density. It can freely enter and exit the arterial wall, and can remove low-density lipoprotein deposited on the blood vessel wall and cause arteriosclerosis. The arterial wall is protected from erosion, so it is also known as the “scavenger of blood vessels”.
Research data shows that exercising for half an hour every day, such as walking, swimming, croquet, mountain climbing, etc., can play a role in weight loss and fat elimination, improve blood vessel youth and prevent aging. If you exercise moderately before meals, the effect of protecting blood vessels is better. A new study found that long walks before enjoying a rich and greasy meal can reduce the damage of blood to vascular function. Foods that contain more fat can cause a transient increase in blood lipid levels and can also impair the function of the vascular endothelium, and exercise can minimize this damage.
Recommend a set of blood vessels
To make blood vessels healthier, keep exercising them. There are three main types of blood vessels in the human body: arterial blood vessels, venous blood vessels, and capillaries. The exercise methods are also different.
Arterial: aerobic exercise + muscle exercise
Running, walking, swimming and other aerobic exercises can accelerate the blood flow to the inner wall of the blood vessel, so that the blood vessels maintain a good elasticity. Lifting dumbbells, pull-ups, sit-ups and other exercises can make a good squeeze on the blood vessels, making the heart’s relaxation and contraction relatively easy, reducing the burden on the heart.
Venous blood vessels: quiet exercise
Through massage, tapping, hot and cold water bath, sauna, etc., you can get more stimulation of the venous blood vessels on the surface, one by one, which increases the elasticity of the blood vessels and the tolerance to stimulation.
Capillaries: all the movements that warm the body
The capillaries are all over the body, at the most and the finest, and it is also the easiest to exercise them, that is, all the warming exercises can be. That is to say, while exercising arterial and venous blood vessels, the capillaries also follow the “gymnastics”.
Nutrition is the source of young blood vessels
To keep the blood vessels young, the first thing is to take the nutrients needed for the blood vessels, such as high-quality protein, unsaturated fatty acids, vitamins and minerals, requiring a variety of foods and a balanced ratio. Let’s take a look at the 12 foods that protect blood vessels.
Eggplant – vascular softener
The vitamin P rich in eggplant is a kind of flavonoid compound, which has the function of softening blood vessels, can also enhance the elasticity of blood vessels, reduce capillary permeability, prevent capillary rupture, and has a certain effect on preventing small blood vessel bleeding.
Black Bean – Blood Circulation Catalyst
Regular consumption of black beans can promote blood circulation, regulate gastrointestinal function, and strengthen metabolic capacity. This is due to the anthocyanins contained in the black beans, which is a polyphenolic substance that has a good protective effect on the blood and is easily absorbed by the body. The effect cannot be underestimated.
Green tea – a regulator of blood pressure and blood sugar
Green tea can lower cholesterol. In addition, catechol contained in green tea has the effect of preventing blood oxidation, preventing blood pressure and blood sugar from rising, and making blood circulation smoother.
If you don’t like tea, you can grind the green tea leaves into pieces and then knead them on the surface of the noodles, such as bread, taro, etc., so that they can be well absorbed and taste good. Try it.
Kiwi – vascular flexible weapon
Kiwifruit is rich in vitamin C, which is one of the essential raw materials for the synthesis of collagen. When the body’s collagen is sufficient, it can help people build flexible blood vessels and regulate blood pressure.
Kiwifruit can also be squeezed into juice, and an appropriate amount of honey can be added to it.
Soba noodles – strong blood vessels, firmer body
Buckwheat is well-balanced, and its unique lysine, tryptophan and methionine are essential amino acids for blood health. It is called “perfect food”.
In addition, buckwheat also contains vitamin B1, which is essential for blood circulation, vitamin B2, which promotes metabolism, and niacin and niacin. These nutrients can improve high blood fat, purify the blood, strengthen blood vessels, and not miss it.
Propolis – improve immunity
Propolis is made from bee fat and has a strong antibacterial effect and is called “natural antibiotic”.
At the same time, propolis is a natural high-efficiency immune enhancer that stimulates the body’s immune function and enhances the vitality of macrophages.
The prolactin, flavonoids, isoflavones, vitamin P and other nutrients in the propolis and rich minerals help to improve the body’s immunity, can effectively prevent blood vessels from being oxidized, ensure the young state of blood vessels, and keep the blood viscosity normal. state.
Cabbage – the skin is going to bounce, the blood vessels are going to bounce
In addition to vitamin C, potassium, calcium and dietary fiber, cabbage also contains isothiocyanate with strong antioxidant activity and rare vitamin U and vitamin K. Regular eating can protect the blood vessel mucosa, accelerate blood circulation, and make the blood vessels stronger and more elastic.
In addition, cabbage also has the function of protecting mucosal cells, and has a good effect on the prevention and treatment of gastritis and gastric ulcer.
Garlic – the most powerful thrombus “wearer”
Allicin in garlic can reduce the activity of cholesterol-synthesizing enzymes in the liver, thereby lowering the level of cholesterol in the body and protecting the blood in a healthy state. In addition, garlic also contains a sulfide called garlicin, which can reduce blood cholesterol and prevent thrombosis.
Corn – softening arteries
Corn is rich in fat and has a high content of unsaturated fatty acids, especially linoleic acid. Linoleic acid can reduce the deposition of cholesterol in blood vessels, thereby softening arterial blood vessels.
Herring – the blood vessel model “scavenger”
Herring is rich in unsaturated fatty acids, which can improve blood viscosity. In addition, the docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, also known as “brain gold”) contained in the herring can reduce the content of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in the human body, and is an irreplaceable “scavenger” of blood.
Tomato – protects blood vessel elasticity
Tomato is rich in vitamins, and its rutin can improve the body’s antioxidant capacity, protect blood vessels and prevent thrombosis.
Onion – lowering blood fat
Onion contains prostaglandin A to relax blood vessels, reduce blood viscosity and reduce blood pressure; while onion contains diallyl disulfide and sulfur-containing amino acids to enhance fibrinolytic activity, with hypolipidemic and anti-atherosclerosis The effect.