Exploring the ancient dwellings of Jixian County

Huishui, from Jixi, Huizhou, is one of the important tributaries of the Qingyi River. The humanistic influence of Huizhou on Jixian County was lower than that of other places, because it was downstream of the old Huishui Wusong. Wuhuan is made of thick bamboo, which is cut, twisted and stringed. It has shallow draft and large buoyancy. It can still carry heavy objects through the shoal and cross the deep pool. It is more than enough in the mountains.

The Huishui Wusong, which was born in the Tang Dynasty, carried the actions of countless officials, the goods of merchants, the poetry of poets, and the thoughts of scholars.

“Thousands of columns landing” and “foreign boat house”
A branch of Huishui is called “Danxi”. The Xitou from the left bank of Danxi went to the foothills. Zhongchun’s rapeseed had already been seeded, but it was not yellow, and the mulberry leaves were illuminated by the sun. Along the road between the mountains and the paved roads, I walked through the trees and struggled to find an ancient building whose name was “Thousands of Columns”. When I was inquired about it at Xitou, the locals told me that a pair of Americans also went there two years ago.

The real name of “Thousands of Columns” is located in the village group of Zhoushan Village, Xiyang Township, Jixian County. An ancient dwelling has 1000 pillars that people can’t believe, and the locals who gave me directions have added a “wantou to heaven” to exaggerate it, saying that the horse head walls there are staggered and spectacular.

The history of China’s history books focuses on the emperor’s record. Although there are a large number of Ming and Qing dynasty notes handed down in the folk events, they are often broken and smashed, and the plausible hearsays are mixed. Because I couldn’t find a little bit about the historical materials of Sichengtang, I had to repeat the word of mouth of the old man surnamed Hu: At the end of the Ming Dynasty, his Taizu Lushan Gong made tea and tung oil business in Hankou, and pushed the money back to his hometown with the chicken bus. Chengtang – thousand pillars landing.

At present, this ancient residential building has been ruined, but there are still seven separate houses in Sanmen Sanxiang. Its mashi door frame, tile door wall, square stone sarcophagus, white stone kicking square, the word “four waters returning to the temple” patio, and the winged board with the pattern of bats and 10,000 characters are all without damage; Roadways, drains and horse head walls are also as good as ever. A humpback old man who is busy on the cement field reminds me: From here to the scene, the small river, used to be a house. Experts believe that the existing fusiform column members inside Sichengtang are typical architectural features of the late Ming and early Qing dynasties, which somewhat confirms some of the real ingredients in the local legend.

What I care about is not the sheer size of Sichengtang, but the rich folk atmosphere that it radiates. The huge ancient residential buildings in Yuxian County are not only in Zhoucun Village, Xiyang Township, but Huangchong Township has a site of Taishidi, commonly known as “Nine Gates and 13 Lanes”. It is said that the front wall of the front wall is five doors, because some people have told him to violate the royal “Nine-Five”, scared the homeowner in the panic not only blocked the front two doors, but also built a high wall. Divide the large-scale five-entry house into two, so as to eliminate the evil.

Huang Tian’s Taishidi no longer exists, but the Zhicheng Hall there is intact. It is a symmetrical pattern of four in five, covering an area of ​​4,200 square meters and a building area of ​​3,700 square meters. The peculiarity is that this group of buildings mimics the construction of foreign cruise ships, so the locals call it the “foreign boat house.”

The stream is diverted from the tip of the wall that looks like the bow. The stone bridge on both sides is like the springboard of the ship. The carved window on the wall of the courtyard is undoubtedly the porthole of the cruise ship. The tallest house, the Mei Village, is naturally the cockpit. Out of pure filial piety, and because he was doing business in Shanghai all the year round, he could not personally serve the old mother who did not want to leave his hometown. Master Zhu Yiqiao ordered his eldest son, Zhu Zonghuai, to go home to build a “foreign boat house” during the Qing Dynasty’s Daoguang period, so that the mother would see a foreign cruise. The idea is fulfilled.

Tiled wall
The valley is opposite to Zhoucun Sicheng Hall. The name of the temple is quoted from the book “The Book of Songs”, “Teaching the Son, the Valley Like the Valley”, and the words of the ancestors. The ancient dwellings of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in the Ming and Qing Dynasties are named after the “Chapel Hall”. Their names or models are elegant and elegant, or they are clear-minded and expressive, or auspicious and smooth, exuding a strong literati atmosphere. The lion deer pine crane wood carving on the corner of the wooden pillar of the house, the stone carving on the bluestone kicking square, the original stone 22 (the original 22 pieces, the existing 17 pieces), all exquisitely crafted and full of charm. The cross-sea beams in the house are 10 meters long, and the bluestone skirts on both sides of the house are each 8 meters long, and they are all made of monoliths.

The owner, Mr. Hu Jiaren, specially asked me to look at a circle of grooves between the wooden pillars and the column foundation. I am almost ignorant of the ancient architecture, and I naturally feel awkward. When the house was built, the copper hoop was inlaid in the groove. At the time of completion, a team of Taiping troops came, not only to take all the copper hoops on the wooden pillars as gold, but also to burn the new house and the joyful scene of the new house.

In front of the front yard of the Valley Hall, there is an L-shaped wall, and the wall is made of water-milled tiles. In Jixian County, Xuan paper is known throughout the world. In the “four treasures of the Wenfang”, it has been in parallel with the lake pen, the ink, and the end, and has been leading the way for hundreds of years. The bricks in Jixian County, like the beautiful women who have been left out, are silently silent in the remote villages.

There is a saying in the Jixian County that “the millennium is not sticky”. This is to say that even if the bricks of Jixian are built on the outer wall, there will be no dust and dust on the whole year. In Jixian County, I repeatedly involuntarily reached out to caress the brick wall and verified the credibility of his folklore. As a result, I did not care about it.

The peculiarity of the tile is that its pattern and color are endless. The abstract form of the pattern is made up of multi-colored soil. If the landscape character, if the bird and the beast, if it flows, it seems to be from the hands of the painter, presenting the pioneering characteristics of the post-modern painting school.

A typical one is in Maolin. The high-rise wall of the former three-bedroom is actually the face of the 108-year-old waters. The locals commonly call it “the group of pictures”. For example, if the Chinese ink is divided into five colors, the color of the tile is also white in the black, gray in the white, and the layering is very strong. As the tile researcher Mr. Lin Chen said: “The texture is rough and bold, the color transition is natural, and there is a great taste of Chinese painting.”

According to the forest test, the ancient kiln that produces this kind of tile should be in the kiln bend of the village of Hantan in Fengcun Township. He believes that the kiln workers took the white mud there, and they blended with the black mud in the Tianhu Lake in Dongcun Village of Maolin Township, stepped on it, compacted it, and then made it into a brick and fired it out of the kiln. The bricks after the kiln are different from the ordinary bricks, hitting the brick surface with fingers, and have a pleasant metal sound. Because of the fine and dense mud, some people used it as a pen to find it, “it is not good to store ink, and it is easy to use ink.”

I am on the rise, asking Hu Jiaren to stand in front of his own tile and photograph him. The two Americans took pictures of him two years ago, and he didn’t receive the photos. He was very worried about this, so I solemnly promised to send him photos. Standing in front of the tiles, Hu Jiaren said that the Hu family in Zhoucun was called “Bajiahu”, and the Hu family in Xitoudu was called “Liujiahu”, all of which were moved from the ancient Huizhou Wuyuan. Hu Pu’an, the son of Liujiahu, and his younger brother Hu Huaiqi, who are Hu Daojing, are famous scholars and are recognized by the academic circles as masters of Chinese studies.

The real name of “Thousands of Columns”, Sicheng Hall, has lost more than half. Prudential Hall is intact. The strange thing is that this group of buildings imitates the construction of foreign cruise ships. Therefore, the locals call it the “foreign boat house”… The peculiarity of the tiles is that its patterns and colors are endless. The abstract form of the pattern is made up of multi-colored clay. If the landscape is a character, if the bird is a beast, if it flows, it seems to be from the hand of the painter.