When buying and using over-the-counter drugs, in addition to the main symptoms, allergic drugs, medication doses and medication time, the following five precautions should be kept in mind.
Don’t take the name of the drug “seeking the word”. Many people only look at the product name of the drug when they buy the drug. This is likely to use the wrong drug, which has serious consequences. For example, the compound pingping tablets and labetalol, although there will be the name of “buckle music”, but it is two completely different types of antihypertensive drugs, the former with mild sedation while reducing blood pressure The latter, while the latter can have some adjustment to the heart rhythm. The indications for the two are not exactly the same, and it is dangerous to use them wrong. Therefore, before using the medicine, the contents that must be viewed include the active ingredients and functional uses, etc., and they are recorded on the list for later verification, and the words cannot be taken.
The allergens are also allergic to the drug, and everyone is no stranger. However, everyone’s focus is on the main ingredients or active ingredients of the drug. In fact, some allergens are also hidden in the supporting role of the drug. For example, patients with osteoporosis often need to take calcium, while calcium supplements and calcium tablets often contain lactose. For people who are intolerant or allergic to lactose, it is best to check whether they contain these ingredients before use to avoid adverse reactions such as allergies. Therefore, patients with allergies or allergies must remember their allergens. Before purchasing drugs, consult a doctor and a pharmacist. Read the instructions carefully. Not only do you need to understand the main ingredients of the drug, but you should also be aware of the allergies caused by the accessories.
Many drugs “bull” the elderly and children should also pay attention to the age, especially for the elderly and children, after taking certain drugs are more likely to have adverse reactions, should try to avoid. For example, ibuprofen is a commonly used antipyretic analgesic, but gastrointestinal function is not good, elderly people with certain heart diseases should be used with caution, otherwise there will be risk of gastrointestinal bleeding, aggravation of heart disease; Compound cold medicines such as compound paracetamol tablets and pediatric aminophenol alkylamine granules are contraindicated in infants under 1 year old because they contain amantadine.
Preparing a good amount of medicine tools Many patients are accustomed to using a spoon to measure the dose of liquid drugs (such as syrup), the error is large, easy to cause excessive. For example, the amount of the spoon is only a small spoon, and the difference in dose can sometimes be up to 3 times due to the size of the spoon. Therefore, before using the drug, the patient should use the graduated measuring instrument provided with the drug itself. If it is not, please communicate with the doctor or purchase it by yourself.
The skin is a “signal light” for adverse reactions. On the one hand, you don’t have to worry too much; on the other hand, you should also be aware of it in order to monitor prevention. For example, Ply-type antihypertensive drugs have the risk of inducing cough, so patients with long-term dry cough after taking the drug should promptly communicate with the doctor. In addition, the skin is often the “signal” of adverse drug reactions. This is because the average adult skin area is 1.6 square meters, and it is easy to be found whether it is rash, urticaria, maculopapular rash, itching or pain. During the medication, if the above abnormal changes occur in the skin, be vigilant that the skin may be “alarmed”.