“If all the roads lead to Rome, then they all start in Notre Dame.”
“All eyes looked at the roof of the church and saw an horrible sight: it was on the top of the gallery above the center of the window, and between the two clock towers, there was a lot of sparks. The fire, a fierce mad fire. A burst of night wind blows its burning pieces into the smoke… In the fire, the two giant towers show two contrasting sides, one side is red, One side is dark, and the towering shadows that tower into the sky are even taller. The carvings of their countless ghost dragon snakes show a sinister look, and they look like they are all under the swaying fire.”
When Victor Hugo wrote this passage into the novel of Notre Dame in the 1930s, it may not have been expected that after 188 years of publication of this work, the evening of April 15, 2019 A fire suddenly burned like this.
Suddenly, it is the reaction of almost everyone. When the news broke out in the mobile phone and said that there was a fire in Notre Dame, I thought it was a small accident, but I didn’t expect it to be such a big fire. In the live footage, in the news, friends in the circle updated the picture of the fire of the Notre Dame in real time: the fire continued to burn, swallowed, the thick and heavy smoke invaded the sky, and continued to spread farther. If this picture appears in the movie, the burning orange red, the carbon black soaked in smoke, the white teeth of the marble, the gray ash that rises in the group, stir in the deep yellow sunset and the blue sky, it will make people feel suffocated. The beauty of the place. And it happened like this. Except for the shock, no one can look away. It seems that if you look at it more, you can keep more.
Around the Notre Dame de Paris, people looked at the fire of the sky, spontaneously sang hymns, and the songs were clear and quiet, like the last picture of the Titanic.
This Notre Dame has a history of more than 850 years. It is not the largest church, nor is it the most beautiful, but it is one of the most eye-catching buildings in the world. What are the reasons and significance? Where?
The beauty of Notre Dame de Paris
It can be said that the fame of Notre Dame de Paris is inseparable from the writer Victor Hugo. The cathedral, built in 1163 and built in 1345, is located on the island of Xitun in the city centre. This island is the birthplace of the city of Paris and the center of Paris. On the ground of the Notre Dame Square at the entrance of the church, there is a small round copper plate, and the surrounding stone is engraved with a line: the French zero, if you measure the mileage throughout France, it starts from here.
Notre Dame de Paris, built on the island of Xiqiao, is also an epoch-making symbol of European architectural history. Before it, most of the church buildings were thick and low, with heavy vaults, thick columns and thick walls, which made people feel depressed. Notre Dame de Paris breaks through the old bondage and creates a new lightweight ribbed large-span dome that makes the vault lighter, with increased space and plenty of light. The sun shines through the rose window, and the church is immersed in Enron and Holiness. The front of the church is made up of twin towers. “There are few other buildings that are as beautiful as the front wall. The tall, graceful trefoil cloister, whose flat top is supported by small pillars, and there is that Two dark and cumbersome giant clock towers, together with their slate roofs, are coordinated in the overall grandeur. They are divided into five layers to show in front of you, although they are crowded but not chaotic, together with countless carvings, statues and carvings. The enamel decoration is very suitable for its solemn grandness. It can be said that it is a grand stone symphony.”
This unique “gothic” style stone building soon spread in Europe. “Every side of this respectable monumental building, every stone, is not only loaded into the history of France, but also loaded History of science and history of art.”
The rise of Notre Dame de Paris
Although the beauty of the Notre Dame has been there, it has not been given special attention from the beginning. It was not until the Louis XIII period that the Notre Dame was upgraded to the Archdiocese, which became a symbol of kingship, brought glory to it, and also buried misfortune. In 1789, the French Revolution broke out, the Notre Dame, which symbolized the kingship, was severely destroyed, the spire was demolished, the collection was plundered, and the sculpture was destroyed. Later, Napoleon ordered the restoration of the Notre Dame and was crowned here in 1804, giving the Notre Dame a little peace. In 1830, the July Revolution broke out, and the wave of freedom once again hit the Notre Dame. The mobs ransacked the sanctuary storage room and art collections, and the stained glass windows were destroyed. At that time, the Paris municipal authorities believed that the best solution was to completely overthrow them. Notre Dame. This undoubtedly makes the scholars who value culture and cherish history grieve. The French writer Victor Hugo is one of the most representative ones. His famous “Notre Dame de Paris” was published one year after the July Revolution (1831).
He has publicly stated: “The preservation of ancient monumental buildings is one of the main purposes of this work.” When reading “Notre Dame de Paris”, you will find a large number of “non-fiction” elements in the novel. . Compared with the ancient Greek and Roman love legends, the medieval knight literature, or the family novels and philosophical novels from the Renaissance to the eighteenth century, all of them are characterized by the uninterrupted development of the plot and the continuation of time. The “time sense”, but there is very little static description of the “delay” of the environment. Hugo breaks this narrative law and cuts off in the middle of the plot development. The whole chapter inserts a description about the Notre Dame and the city of Paris. If it is not a lofty artistic mission, I am afraid that there will be no such courage.
What he left behind is not only the ugly Moses and the glamorous Esmeralda, but also a guardian story of ups and downs, and even more people remember the “Notre Dame de Paris”. This collection is a place of sacredness and violence, beauty and sadness. He awakened the public’s awareness of the protection of this historic building, freed the church from man-made catastrophe, and was rebuilt. The Notre Dame has gradually become the symbol of Paris, and even the pillar of Paris, its symbolic meaning may have exceeded the architectural significance.
Continuation of Notre Dame de Paris
This protection of the Notre Dame continued. In 1871, the Paris Commune uprising broke out. Some people wanted to burn the Notre Dame, but the fire was quickly extinguished by the Parisians. During World War II, Hitler implemented the “scorched earth policy” in Paris, burying explosives in important places in Paris, and General Scholtz, who was ordered to detonate, chose to save Paris at the last minute. On the day of the liberation of Paris in 1944, Hitler hurriedly asked: Is Paris burning? The Notre Dame was not burned at the time, but now it is red.
The accident at Notre Dame was an accident in a repair. The building was out of fire for repairs, and the absurdity was so ridiculous. This witnessed the place where Joan of Arc was rehabilitated, Napoleon was crowned, Paris was liberated, and Charles de Gaulle was buried in the country. What it tells the world, after many years, hopes that there will still be echoes.