There are many exaggerated descriptions in literature. For example, Shakespeare, his tragedy and comedy are very good. Of course, his drama has a routine: let evil overcome justice, and finally let justice overcome evil. He has a drama. I forgot the name of the play. It depicts a loyal minister who was murdered by a traitor. The king exiled him to a deserted island where no one lives. He lives there alone and is extremely difficult. His desert island is even more terrible than the desert island of Robinson Crusoe. There are poisonous snakes everywhere. His eyes are long and his eyes are smashed. Then the justice defeated the evil, and the king suddenly realized that he had blamed the loyal minister, sent him a letter, called him back, and resumed his official position. When the coming came to the desert island with the emperor’s script, and found him a book, the suffering man was indifferent. He said that even if every word above is a sun, I can’t see it. This is a typical Shakespeare-style language, an exaggeration of genius writers. Why do you say that? Exaggeration is very difficult to deal with in literature, it is easy to be distorted, so it is more necessary to grasp the sense of measurement. Shakespeare told the blind old man to say such things, so that the readers or the audience were sad, and accurately expressed the inner state of the old man after having experienced the riches and sufferings. Li Bai is also exaggerated. He said that “white hair is three thousand feet.” I remember when the “Brothers” was published in Japan in 2008, a commentator in Japan wrote that the novel is exaggerated, but it is not surprising that this novel comes from a country that has a “white hair three thousand feet” verse. This is a Japanese view. The following sentence of Li Bai’s “White Hair Three Thousand Feet” is “the fate is like a long”. What is it like? This involves a case of psychiatry, paranoia.
Literature has a wonderful power that is timeless. I remember once on the streets of Paris, the sun went down, the sky was dark, and everyone was rushing to walk. My translation hasn’t come over to dinner with me, I just stroll around the street near the hotel. Suddenly, Ouyang Xiu’s poem “The People Are Far and Near” is in my mind. This poem also appeared in Wang Shizhen’s “The West Chamber”. There are two sources. This does not care. The important thing is that we are standing in the streets of big cities like Wuhan or Beijing today, watching so many people rushing. Walking around, all the people passing by you have nothing to do with you. If you look at the mountains in the distance, you feel that you have a relationship with you. At that time, you will feel that people are far away. It is close to the mountain. The poem expresses the feelings of the people of the Song Dynasty and the Yuan Dynasty. It still has such feelings today.
There is a story in the Bible. Tell a rich man, he has many head sheep. The Bible expresses how much wealth a person uses to calculate. The sheep is like a bank deposit. This rich man has many sheep, and a castle, living a life of good food. One day, he suddenly became tired of such a life. He wanted to take his wife and children to travel far away. He gave all the sheep and the castle to one of his most trusted servants, and then he left with his family and some servants. After he wandered outside for a long time, he began to think of home; he was not good at his body. When he wanted to fall back to the roots, he asked a servant to inform the servant who helped him to look after the house, and let the servant of the housekeeper prepare for it. He was coming back. After a while, the news came and said that the servant who saw the house killed the servant he sent. Follow his servants and say that the servant has betrayed you and has taken your property for himself. The rich do not believe, he blames himself for not sending a stupid servant. Then sent a clever servant to report. He said that the servant in front did not make it clear, as long as the servant went to make it clear. The rich man would not have wondered if the servant had betrayed him. He had no such thought in his mind. As a result, the clever servant went and was killed. He still didn’t believe it. He said, I am still wrong. I should send my favorite little son. If he sees my little son, he will know that I am I really want to be back. He sent the most beloved little son and was killed. The Bible tells the purity of a person’s heart in such a way that the purity of human nature can speak of this fierceness. When he knows that the servant did indeed betray him, the anger broke out. At the end of the story, he led him to follow him. The family and the servant went back and the servant who betrayed him was executed. The first half of the story tells not the stupidity of human beings, but the kindness and purity of human nature. The kindness or purity seems to be innocent and weak, but the power of the eruption is unstoppable by anything. I think this is the virtue of mankind.