How much do you know about Pakistan

Pakistan Lahore Farmers Market

Pakistani nationals are dominated by Punjabi, and there are many ethnic groups such as Pashtun, Sindhi, Baloch, Muhajir, Brahite, and Gilgit. Each of these ethnic groups maintains distinct characteristics, but the countries formed by them can maintain basic unity. How is this done?

This is a society in which Islam is the mainstream belief. Religion is the spiritual driving force of Pakistan and the foundation of the integration of different nationalities. Without Islam, there will be no consensus and cohesion among several major ethnic groups. Pakistan’s national identity and ethnic harmony cannot be discussed. It can even be said that without Islam, there would be no Pakistan.

How can the Chinese understand this complicated “Batie”? Understanding Pakistani society requires an anthropological perspective, and taking “public space” as an entry point is an interesting approach. In Pakistan, there are roughly six types of public spaces that can gather more people and bring together various groups.

Kaleidoscope of secular society
In Pakistan, the market is called “Baza”. Bazaar is a commonly shared vocabulary in many languages, such as Persian, Turkic, Urdu, and Pashto.

According to the scale, Bazaar size, the larger can include a city, the small is only embedded in one street and one lane. According to the time period, it is generally divided into weekend Bazaar and specific date Bazaar: weekend Bazaar is relatively fixed, people rest on weekends, this time has time to go shopping on the street; Bazaar is a fixed-time shopping market on a specific date, which can be roughly understood as ” The market, such as one hundred and five Bazaar and 246 Bazaar, so that people can shop flexibly according to their own time. Of course, there are also industrial markets, such as cattle and sheep Bazaar, clothes Bazaar, fruit Bazaar and so on.

Bazaar is the kaleidoscope that best reflects the characteristics of Pakistani society. Due to historical and cultural traditions, the old city in many cities in Pakistan is actually a huge Bazaar. The houses around Bazaar are row upon row and spread from the inside out in a concentric way. The expansion of the city is also the radiation of Bazaar. The closer it is to the city center, the longer the history of Bazaar is, the more famous it is.

Although there are many scenic spots in Pakistan, due to safety and traffic considerations,

Generally not the first choice for tourists.

Pakistan’s Bazaar is usually well prepared for everyday life. Although Bazaar is divided into different commodity areas, Bazaar related to people’s livelihood generally includes food, clothes, daily miscellaneous, antiques and so on. Small stall vendors can be seen everywhere. There are snack stalls selling salt popcorn, fried chickpeas and peanuts, as well as many stalls selling toys. It can be said that everything can be sold.

The entertainment mall in Pakistan is famous for its Mall or Center. It sells high-end goods, provides entertainment and catering services, and has a shopping supermarket. Entertainment shopping centers usually focus on a variety of international brands and local well-known brands of consumer goods, McDonald’s, hackers, cinemas, playgrounds, tea shops, coffee houses, etc., is a favorite place for middle and high-end consumer groups, especially young people. .

This is the place where international travelers feel the modernization of Ba country and the atmosphere of urban life. It is the most ideal choice for people to “shop” and it is a place that intuitively reflects the internationalization of Pakistani society.

The park is also an important public space. The Pakistani people attach great importance to family relations. When the holidays are over, the whole family will meet and form a cloth list in the park, sit on the ground, enjoy the sunshine and cultivate family. At the same time, the park is also a place for tourists to rest, youth gatherings, and children to play. As long as the sun is shining and the temperature is suitable, there will be a large number of tourists in the park. At this time, the traditions and cultures of different ethnic groups in Pakistan are at a glance.

Pakistan’s tourist attractions are mainly museums and historical monuments from all over the world. Although there are many scenic spots in Pakistan, it is generally not the first choice for tourists due to safety and traffic considerations. It is a tourist attraction that can be used as a public space, with Lahore’s museums, ancient castles, and the Ali Jinna tomb in Karachi. In addition, the Buddhist monuments of Taksilah, Mardan and Gandhara culture are also well-known attractions, but because they are located in the less secure Khyber province, there are not many tourists.

Sacred land
The mosque is the community center of Pakistanis and the place where people interact most frequently. This pattern is very similar to the Muslim community in China. The so-called “the square does not leave the temple, the temple does not leave the square” “is living in the temple, and doing business according to the square.” China calls it “square”, and Urdu refers to “buy Harley”, which is equivalent to the “buy” in Uighur, that is, “community” or “village.”

The Faisal Mosque is the largest mosque in Pakistan and even in South Asia and the sixth largest mosque in the world.

The mosque is not only a place to perform religious ceremonies, but also a place where people exchange feelings and information, engage in religious education, carry out social assistance, and resolve religious affairs. The people living around the temple formed a regional religious community – “Temple Square.” The mosque represents the “Temple Square” and communicates and interacts with the “Temple Square” in the surrounding areas.

In addition to community mosques, the Faisal Mosque in Islamabad is more famous. It is a must-see for tourists from all over Pakistan and around the world. Visitors who want to learn about Islamic culture often choose to visit the Faisal Mosque at noon on Friday, because this day is a gathering day, people will gather from all sides to the mosque to attend the worship, the scene is very spectacular.

The Sophie cemetery is also an important public space for Pakistanis, such as the Sophie Hujiweli cemetery in Lahore, the Abdullah Shah Ehu cemetery in Karachi, and the White Haru of the “City of Halloween” in Multan Ding and so on. In Pakistan, there are about 50 well-known Sufi sacred sites, most of which are located in urban areas of Punjab and Sindh.

Islam in Pakistan is divided into two major factions: Diorband and Balawi. Paying tribute to the Sophie cemetery, remembering the sages, and acquiring Jiqing is an important religious practice of the Balawi. In the well-known Sophie cemetery, there are people guarding and admiring for 24 hours. In addition to the believers coming to this chanting, enlightenment, retreat, and cherish, the poor helpless seek help, the traumatized seek to confide, and the world is bleak. Those who seek sustenance and hunger for a miracle.

In particular, every year in the holy time of the Islamic calendar in March, each Sophie Center will hold a grand celebration ceremony, mourning the “Naart” (praise), which lasts for several days. The believers came from all directions, making this a place to gather different people and show different cultures.

Learn about “Batie”
The above six public spaces can be simply divided into secular and sacred fields. The first four are secular activities that are closely related to people’s daily lives, mainly shopping, entertainment, leisure, and tourism; the latter two are religious activities.

For most Chinese citizens, Pakistan is a country that has been promoted by the media as “the Pakistani Railway”. However, in reality, due to the differences in history, ideology and national conditions between the two countries, there are many cultural strangers between the two peoples. Although the construction of the “China-Pakistan Economic Corridor” has been carried out for a long time, the Chinese people’s understanding of Pakistan, especially with Pakistani society, is still very limited.

Differences in national, ethnic, religious, and cultural issues have created many obstacles for Chinese people to understand Pakistani society. The Chinese living in Pakistan are mostly business managers, technicians and workers, followed by the group of international students, and few tourists. Because of security issues, enterprises implement orderly management of employees. Everyday food and entertainment are carried out in corporate camps. Few people can go out in their spare time. There are only a few people in management who are engaged in procurement and outreach, and can work with Pakistani society. Have contact.

There are about 50 famous Sufi sacred sites.

Most are distributed in urban areas of Punjab and Sindh.

Observing the public space of Pakistani society can provide a perspective for people to understand Pakistan. This is also the only way for people to understand their ideology, social structure, behavior, language and culture. Otherwise, fragmented network information is likely to obscure our eyes, making it difficult for us to really understand China’s iron buddies