Hans Asperger, an Austrian psychiatrist, has long been regarded as a pioneer in autism research and was once considered a hero. He emphasized that children with autism have high IQ, which has saved many sick children from the Nazi cleaning program.
Unfortunately, during the Nazi Germany period, Asperger was personally involved in the murder of disabled children.
The heavier truth in this history of autism was confirmed by Edith Schaeffer and was written in a book called “Children of Asperger’s Disease: The Origin of Autism in the Nazi Vienna Period.” The book met with the public in 2018, and a cold and malicious humanity finally surfaced.
The collusion between science and Nazi ruling culture
During Nazi Germany, under the guidance of national policies, child psychiatrists served as consultants in youth groups, social welfare agencies and schools. They began to pay attention to the growth process of the object from childhood, and identified and interpreted the “abnormal behavior” by defining the so-called “normal behavior.”
During this period, the psychiatrist Ernst found that children between the ages of three and four may have symptoms of “Gemüt poverty,” which is what we now know as “autism.”
Ernst’s point of view was not new at the time, but “soul poverty” was not a social idiom, but was built into a pharmacological psychiatric term. Children who have been labeled as “soul poverty” will be sent to the notorious “Sbergberg” mental hospital in Vienna and eventually killed.
Later, Vienna’s psychiatrist Hans Jasper made the first record of Asperger’s syndrome in 1944. He pioneered a new method of classifying children, using “autistic psychological problems” to refer to children who are “soul-poverty” (feeling in disorder, behaving abnormally) and diagnosed them as “cold and malicious.”
Autism is associated with structural abnormalities in critical areas of the brain circuit that prevent patients from being happy while socializing.
It was not until the 1990s that Asperger’s theory was finally accepted by the English-speaking countries. The term “Asperger’s disease” was officially published in the modern medical diagnostic manual, and it was popularized as the “public”. “Drug” is a daily language.
Hans Yasberg and children with autism
According to modern medical pathology, autism is associated with structural abnormalities in critical areas of the brain circuit, which prevents patients from being happy while socializing. But until the brain imaging technology and neuroscience have made great progress, this statement is generally accepted.
For a long time in the past, it has been widely believed that most psychological and mental problems come from childhood trauma, especially from parents. Therefore, the theoretical theory of “fridge mother” came into being. The “fridge mother” theory insists that autism is caused by the mother’s excessive indifference. This erroneous theory has misled the public for many years.
In the book “Children of Asperger’s Disease”, Edith Schaefer takes a step further in his view of autism. She opened up the development of science itself, regardless of whether autism originated from one or more reasons, she believes that behind autism implies the typical cultural values of Nazi.
Schaffer said that under the Nazi rule, the ideal “model personality” traits are: obedience, enjoy collective life and group ties, social skills, physical and mental health. To a certain extent, the Nazis projected the “model personality” into reality and distinguished potential human “products”.
Based on meticulous archival research, Schafer not only demonstrated the Nazi ethnology and eugenics behind Asperger’s disease, but also discussed the mutual influence and mutual construction between conceptual and cultural shaping and “scientific” diagnosis. Thus, the relationship between science and culture has been established in treating autistic patients.
When science and culture form “collusion” intentionally or unintentionally, the so-called “grey area” appears.
In fact, Schafer’s original intention to study Asperger’s disease is very simple. Her son, now working in Silicon Valley, was diagnosed with “high-functioning autism” in his early years. Her writing, in commemoration of Hans Jasper, an early supporter of pluralistic neurology, provides patients with a variety of ways to re-adapt to the social environment. But as the research progressed, she found that the situation was far more complicated than imagined.
Asperger was deeply influenced by his time and regional environment, and he was also shaped and internalized by the environment. He called the German youth group “the noble flower of the German spirit” and he chose to collude with his environment.
Children with autism at the Vienna Children’s School of Medicine
After learning the truth about Aspen’s face, Shafer wrote: “Most Viennese people are in the ‘grey area, their daily life and professional fields are determined, and the whirlpool of life will bring them overnight. Destroy because they cannot escape the brutal rule of the Nazis.”
Positive angel, devil on the back
Asperger is a precocious child. When he was in the frog anatomy class in middle school, he decided that he would become a scientist in the future.
The dream has come true. In the spring of 1931, the 25-year-old Asperger completed the medical sciences and worked at the then world’s leading research institute, the Vienna Children’s Medical College.
Asperger was a poor nerd in his daily life, but he showed eloquence in his letters to his family. He complained that the atmosphere in the clinic was dull. Among the researchers who worked with him, there were several Jews, and Aspergerer classified them in a letter.
Usually, children who are the subjects of study are children who are expelled from school and unable to adapt to the living environment. They are arranged to play in open-air amusement facilities. At the same time, researchers and nurses sit on the sidelines, closely observing the children’s “souls” and talking about their genetic characteristics; the researchers then write observations into papers to help their careers. Researchers believe that autistic children often have no expression, excessive input and coercion when speaking, and hobbies are very strange.
At the beginning, like Jewish researchers, Asperger never judged the value of these children. However, with the new president, Franz Hamburg, taking office, the hospital quickly “nazed”. Asperger revered the heart of Hamburg, and his cognition changed.
In 1934, Hamburg appointed Asperger as the director of the Children’s Clinic and actively removed Jews and liberals from the Institute. More than 70% of pediatricians were forced to transfer in Vienna. Not only that, but Hamburg also sells the social utility of medicine. Yasberg is deeply benefited.
The introduction of “instructor” into the path also means the removal of “non-teachers.”
Autism is not a new word, but Yasberg has given it a new meaning. He has framed the lineage for “the weird people living in their own world”: from “born genius” to “communication-like robots” (contact-disturbed automaton-like). He refers to the pedigree objects collectively as “mental disorders” and emphasizes that these children are inherently malicious and deaf.
Schafer believes that Asperger’s intention is to cater to the Nazi’s “model personality” view, so the characteristic opposite to the ideal situation is defined as “anti-social personality”. However, Asperger also stressed that autistic patients who are in line with the “born genius” lineage have different creative abilities. And those with special talents can take full responsibility in the national organism. He highly recognizes the achievements of autistic geniuses in mathematics, technology, industrial chemistry, and public service.
As long as the child is observed, Jasper has many discoveries. For example, the 8-year-old Haro can speak fluently. He does not participate in peer-to-peer games. He only focuses on thinking about issues of interest. When he speaks to himself, the smooth sentences will blurt out. The 6-year-old Fritz has a tendency to violence. But he has the characteristics of aristocratic exquisiteness and has a rare and mature aesthetic taste for art. Schafer pointed out that the observation and intervention methods adopted by Asperger are at the forefront, and some technical means are still in use today.
Although children with autism are “lack of soul”, Asperger believes that they can still teach – as long as doctors guide them with understanding and love, children can grow in the right direction and in society and national organisms. Find your location. In this way, their soulful side can be revealed.
There is no doubt that Asperger has an enlightening and benign side towards autistic people, but it also reveals a ruthless eugenics orientation. Especially after the annexation of Austria by Nazi Germany in 1938, the orientation of eugenics became radical. The introduction of “instructor” into the path also means the removal of “non-teachers.” Schafer wrote that it was Asperger’s attention to positive cases in the report that obscured his facts as a strong supporter of eugenics.
The back of the cure is killing.
Is Asperger himself autistic?
“Death” is a treatment that can be used. Yasberg never started himself, he would not kill children who could not be cured. However, Asperger’s diagnosis of the child has become a “license” for death. If Yasberg is the savior of some children, then he is also the devil who destroys other lives. As for the extreme practices of the Nazis, Asperger was an informed and voluntary participant.
So, is Asperger himself a patient with Asperger’s disease?
In 1981, when British researcher Lorna Wen officially named autism “Asperger’s disease”, it was considered that Asperger himself also showed symptoms similar to those of children.
Asperger himself may be similar to the case of children Harrow and Fritz. According to insiders, in public speaking, Asperger can only speak by quotation, and he sees himself as a third-person object; he does not dare to communicate with people; when the German youth movement is in full swing, He insisted on staying at home and was stiff.
Asperger said that as a scientist, “a small amount of autism” is a necessity. But he believes that he is a “soul scientist.”
As the public generally agrees, Schaefer believes that Asperger’s own characteristics are not only multiple but also contradictory. He often “sings alone at night” (like the Greek warden in Faust) and reintegrates into society during the day.
After the war, Yasberg once again devoted himself to the wave of the times. As he himself said, everyone has their own “autistic period”; therefore, social traits such as social fear, disunity, and excessive introversion are neither sin nor anti-social personality.