Recently, Chinese students studying in the United States have become more than a hundred thousand news. However, domestic readers have ignored another news from the United States: the vast majority of high-end Chinese students are still gone.
The New York Times quoted authoritative data to reveal that foreign students who received a Ph.D. in science or engineering in the United States in 2002 had a 62% retention rate in the United States in 2007. Among them, the proportion of foreign students staying in different countries is different. There are more than 2,000 doctors in China, accounting for 92% of Chinese doctors in the US, and the proportion is the highest in the country. More than 600 doctors in India stay, accounting for 81%, ranking second; 55% for doctors in Canada. Left, ranked third; fourth is a German doctor, 52% left; 43% of doctors in Taiwan left, ranking fifth. The next rankings are Turkey (42%), South Korea (41%), Japan (33%), Mexico (32%), Brazil (31%), and Thailand (7%). It is important to know that the five years after graduation have a stereotyped effect on one’s career. In the past five years, I have roughly raised a person from a new employee to a veteran and stood firm. After staying in the United States five years after graduation, it indicates that the future will remain in the United States.
The above rankings generally prove the basic laws of returning students who have long known about foreign students. First, because of the gap between the economy and living standards, students from developing countries are generally more willing to stay in studying in developed countries. The more ordinary your country is, the more poor it is. For example, from the arrangement of China, Taiwan, South Korea and Japan, as the economic development level of these countries and regions gradually increases, the proportion of students left behind is gradually decreasing. Children in rich countries or regions are even less willing to suffer from “foreign crimes.” Second, the closer the language and cultural system of the home country of the international student and the country where the student is studying, the easier it is for the international students to stay. Canada is the highest proportion of foreign students in developed countries who go to the United States. This is mainly because Canadians in the United States seem to be in their own homes, and there are no language and cultural barriers to overcome. Japan’s per capita GDP is more than 32,000 US dollars, which is much lower than Canada’s 38,000 US dollars (both in terms of purchasing power). However, the Japanese are more difficult to digest American culture and English than Canadians, so even if they are poor, they would rather go back.
The situation in China does not all comply with these laws. We will understand it when we compare it with India. China’s per capita GDP is more than 6,500 US dollars, more than half of India’s less than 3,000 US dollars. According to the statement, the Indians’ motivation to stay in the United States is much greater than that of the Chinese. In addition, India has long been a British colony, and English is the official language. Indian students studying in the United States have much less linguistic, cultural and political barriers. In other words, Indians stay in the United States and live more easily than the Chinese. Of course, we have to consider another reason. China has entered the stage of aging, and young people are getting fewer and fewer. India is still a very young country with a good workforce. From a demographic perspective, young students are even more singular in China. However, despite the above three favorable factors to promote Chinese students returning to China, China is actually defeated by India in this regard.
There are also two minor facts that need clarification. First, many reports in recent years have said that with the rapid growth of China’s economy, there are more and more domestic opportunities, and the proportion of Chinese students returning to China is growing. I do not completely deny this, but it depends on the quality of returning students. We must know that most of the international students who were more than 20 years old went to the Institute with the full prize. They are the top leaders in the country, so they are paid by Americans and the proportion of doctors in famous schools is very high. In recent years, more and more Chinese have paid for their own books. If these people are in the country, most of them may not be able to enter the university. Or it can be said that many international students prefer to brush their plates in the United States more than 20 years ago, and now those who can only brush dishes in the United States are at least back. Unfortunately, these people still face employment problems when they return. The facts revealed by the above data are: Most of the first-class talents are still not coming back. Of course, the recent return of top scientists in the United States to the country has caused quite a stir. But be aware that the greater the sensational effect, the more rare such things are.
Second, some sporadic data in the United States show that in the last two years, more and more international students are willing to return to China because of the economic crisis. For example, a questionnaire on Facebook in 2008 showed that more than half of Indians and 40% of Chinese expressed their willingness to return. This data is very different from the data quality we cited earlier. In fact, the 2008 questionnaire is a willingness to express on the Internet. In the United States, general online polls are considered to be unscientific. For example, top talents who are struggling at the forefront of science may not look at Facebook at all.
In my own experience, under the impact of the economic crisis, some Ivy League graduates can’t find jobs. Few units are willing to bother to pay for a foreigner and pay special fees for temporary visas. If you can’t find an employer, the status of a foreign graduate will soon be yellow. If you don’t go back, you have to go back. Moreover, the nature of man is the mountain looking at the mountain. In such a predicament, nature is imagining the imagination of his own country. But if you really get a job in the US in the future, you can’t wait to stay. It can be seen that in the unprecedented economic crisis of more than half a century ago, a small trend of catching the wind and catching shadows is far from explaining the substantial transfer of the big trend. China’s economic growth rate in recent years is far ahead of the world’s major economies, creating a lot of opportunities every year. But even so, the top Chinese students still don’t come back. In the future, the industry is upgrading and building an innovative society. What China needs most is precisely these people. It can be seen that brain drain is still the soft underbelly of the Chinese economy.