Pediatrics is very popular in chess. Recently, I have seen the stereoscopic image of chess and I am very interested. I am happy to push the boat and buy chess, from the basics of the chessboard and chess pieces to the opening of Italy, and teach him a little bit. The little boy has a lot of mouths. When I teach, he has more comments and exclamations. He always compares the rules of two kinds of chess. He has discovered that the Chinese chess and chess are different and different.
It is said that the ancestors of chess are Chinese chess (in fact, the more common saying in the world is that chess originates from Chaturanga in India, but some Chinese are unwilling to adopt this origin because of “patriotic feelings”). Later, Chinese chess Through the Middle East, Persia and other Arab countries, it has spread to Europe, and after some European transformation, it has become a chess game today.
Therefore, there are many similarities in the chess set and rules of the two. But what is really thought-provoking is that there are several very important differences between the two.
Chinese women, most of the time, are “no one knows in the deep,” so there are no women on the chessboard of Chinese chess (the chess of India and the Arab countries, and there are no women yet). Since Greece is a god of war and a cultural tradition, in the chess, the emperor has a queen. And this queen, the most powerful character in the entire chessboard, can slash and slant, the first killing power. I like this glamorous, dazzling woman very much. She looks at her on the board and looks at it. It is like seeing Athena wearing armor, pointing out the river in the sky above the Troy battlefield.
Naturally, the queen in chess is also mature and shaped step by step in the historical years. In the first few centuries, “King” stood next to him, in the Indian chess is “elephant”, in the Arab chess is “Virgil” (military division, minister or aide), their combat power is not very strong . Later, perhaps with the emergence of the two empresses of the two emperors of Germany (Otto I and II), the military division and the close minister gradually became women and became queens. After that, the “post” can only be slanted into one space at a time, and it can be retracted in all directions. In the United States, this development history was compiled by feminists into the book “The Birth of the Queen of Chess” and entered the bestseller list.
Seriously, China has a woman who has appeared in the face. The right is not only from the Qin Dynasty, the widows of the Qing Dynasty, the Luhan of the Great Han Dynasty, the Wu Zetian of the Tang Dynasty, the killing decision of the late Qing Dynasty, and the artistic Hualan, Liang Hongyu or Yangmen. Speaking of a woman who has recorded the true battlefield in the history, the first one, the woman who is named in the oracle bones, “has got a war horse, got the hall”, assisted the husband of the merchant Wang Wending to fight the world, the land and the land, the war When Guan Niang was 13 years old, she led the army to break through and reported for help. It was several years earlier than Jude’s “God Kai”; Li Shimin’s sister, Princess Pingyang’s bloody warrior, stayed in Yangquan, Shanxi, and Guanyin Temple in Tanji Temple, Beijing. The worship brick is the foot of the Princess of the Yuan Dynasty. As the biological daughter of Kublai Khan, before the monarchy was the female general of the Qu Zhen Qu Fang; Qin Liang Yu Nan Zheng, the rebellion against the Qing, was loaded “There will be a series of biography” rather than a history book like “Legend of Women”…
However, the shocking life of individual women cannot change the overall status of women in a cultural system and cultural concept. In Chinese chess, there is no woman’s position, and it is more than a girl’s family in the European royal family.
The Queen is different, and the Queen’s husband is different. The “king” in Chinese chess is like the Tang dynasty on the way to the Western Heavens, and Liu Bei in the Taoyuan Sanzhiyi. It is called a sac. The Nine Palaces are strict and do not leave home. The poor chessboard is big, he is a god, but there are only nine places to stand. This is a huge limitation. Everyone who plays chess knows that Chinese chess is going to the end, and it is necessary to kill a lonely “king” in the Forbidden City in the Quartet. It is easier to get left and right than the “King” in the chess game. many.
This is easily reminiscent of what Ricci’s China Notes said. When the emperor left the palace forbidden, “the entire court was under military alert,” and plainclothes guarded along the road. “People would think he was traveling in an enemy country.” Instead of going out in his own people.” Later, the “Emperor of the Near World” simply “abolished the habit of public appearance.” The ancient teaching of “reading thousands of books and traveling thousands of miles” is not applicable to the emperor at all. Moreover, the emperor’s going out of the palace is generally not considered a good thing, either it is a waste of money for the people, or it is a great joy, and it is no longer a self-deception of “Western Hunt” or “Southern Tour”.
What is even more frustrating is that it is not only “king” but also self-styled and painting. “Wang”‘s personal bodyguard “Shi” can’t go out of the Nine Palaces, and only five places can stop; “King”‘s near-minister “I” can’t be Chuhe Hanjie, and each “image” has only five footholds.
Counting, the Wang Shixiang carriage on the bottom line can only pass two-fifths of the Chu River Han Dynasty. In addition to the soldiers, there are only three guns, horses and cars. In a word, the more noble you are, the less you can move and the freedom. Those who run around outside are destined to be the ones who want to be cannon fodder. While playing Chinese chess, I also understood China’s Great Wall, the Forbidden City, the Forbidden Sea Order, and Zheng He’s voyages to the West. In chess, “King” can step through all the territory step by step, and every other child can travel through the entire board, whether it is long or short. Moreover, the restrictions in the action of the chess pieces are obviously much less. The “horse” will not be a foot, and the “image” will not be blocked by the eyes (the early “image” will even cross the middle piece when flying diagonally). Whoever stands in the open space, whose free space and strength are large, the more marginalized, the more constrained the action. Rather than the “king” in Chinese chess, the deeper you hide, the safer it is.
Another difference between the “kings” is that the two kings of Chinese chess can’t “face”, no matter how far apart, you have to cover me and avoid each other. The two kings in chess can be a step closer, as long as they are not close to each other.
In addition to the princes on the board, there are also pawns. Different rules of the game show different attitudes towards ordinary people. Whether in Chinese chess or chess, the soldiers are the lowest level, and they can only advance one step at a time. When it comes to danger, it is always necessary to “save a car.” In Chinese chess, the soldiers have no way to go, but they can’t go back. Going forward and moving forward, going all the way to the bottom line, or a small soldier, and it has been used up, basically it is dead chess, no value. Chess soldiers are different. Although they don’t turn back, they can’t retreat. But once they shoot the rain, break through the heavy smoke, and advance to the bottom line, they can be upgraded into any piece (of course, “王” except)! A humble piece of chess, also has the opportunity to reinvent the wheel, change their destiny and identity, which can not be said to be a great incentive and award, enough to become a dream of the birth of the cold.
Interestingly, the chess pieces in chess, the highest “king” and the lowest “bing”, are precisely the two pieces that “grow up” with the development of the chess game. After the middle plate, the “king” often began to succumb to the levy and entered the war, and the “Bing” was also prepared to vigorously advance and strive for promotion. They are very weak at first, are more mature, courageous and powerful, and often bring surprises.
The “king” and “bing” in Chinese chess, the more they kill the endgame, the more weak and weak. When the “Bing” is near the bottom line, it will be abandoned. If the “King” is broken by “Shi” and “Xiang”, when he is a general, he can only avoid the right flash and exhaustion, and every danger is like a ring. There are still many differences between the two types of chess. For example, there is no Chuhe Hanjie in chess, so there was no territory and territory before the war. When the two armies confront each other, whoever rushes into the blank space in the middle, whoever takes the lead. For example, Chinese chess pieces are standing at the crossroads, just as Chinese people live more in the network. Chess pieces in chess stand in their own grids, each with its own site and space…
In fact, no game is not serious. Whether the game originates from instinct, venting or survival exercises, and no matter how different game theorists are, the game is really not the player, the player, but the rules of the game. The rules of the game are rooted in the cultural soil of its birth, with its own independent culture and thoughts.
I used to take the children to see the talented players and challenge both chess and two opponents. On one side is the Chuhe Hanjie, and on the other side is the 8×8 grid black and white square chessboard. He sits in the middle and sits on the right and left. I looked at it and walked away. In addition to the smoke of the battlefields on both sides, I clearly saw the ideological culture and system far more profound, deeper and deeper than war or games, and silently confronted each other. Yes, the chess pieces on the board are killing, and there are contests between different chess pieces. This is a contest of the board, not related to the pieces.