Smart cars drive smoothly and autonomously on the endless road; smart home robots cook in the kitchen, clean, accompany chat and play, and take care of our lives; smart surgical robots operate on the operating table with precision and cut finely; smart war robots Invincible on the battlefield, defending the country… I
believe these scenes have been seen in many science fiction movies. The concept of artificial intelligence (AI) has long been deeply rooted in people’s hearts and has become a dream in our hearts: living in the technological age of artificial intelligence and enjoying the convenience and speed brought by artificial intelligence.
However, what exactly is artificial intelligence? Presumably, many people will be speechless for a while, and can’t tell the reason. They just think that they are probably automated, convenient, and intelligent machines that can make our lives more comfortable. Today, we will take you to learn more about what artificial intelligence is.
What exactly is artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence is considered to be one of the new cutting-edge technologies in the 21st century. It is a cutting-edge technology formed by the intersection of computer science, mathematics, philosophy, psychology, cybernetics, and determinism. It is indeed a new era. High-tech products.
To put it bluntly, artificial intelligence is a kind of computer algorithm.
The concept of artificial intelligence technology is to use computer algorithms to study the intelligence of our human brain, simulate, develop, and extend the intelligence of the human brain, and finally realize the intelligent activity of the computer’s autonomous response.
In 1950, Alan Turing, the founder of artificial intelligence, invented the Turing test, which was also the earliest prototype of artificial intelligence in the world. Development was at a standstill for a while.
In recent years, with the rapid development of computer technology and Internet technology, the core algorithms of artificial intelligence (machine learning, deep learning, convolutional neural network) have emerged one after another, realizing many ideas that could not be achieved in the past, making artificial intelligence technology usher in Developed by leaps and bounds. With technological innovations and breakthroughs, artificial intelligence has gradually integrated into various traditional industries in recent years, bringing disruptive progress to them, and slowly forming a new development model of “AI + industry”, such as AI medical diagnosis, AI Face recognition security, AI autopilot, AI sweeper, AI home, etc.
Automation cannot represent artificial intelligence
In this way, artificial intelligence seems to be really automated and intelligent robots, but it is not. Due to the unclear definition of automation and intelligence, many people still have misunderstandings about AI.
Piero Scaruffi, the author of “Human 2.0”, said in an interview: “Many people now call things that have been automated as AI, such as automated agricultural harvesters, automated production lines, and automated processing machines. Etc. The real AI should be a technology that is rich in human intelligence and capable of autonomous identification, judgment, and decision-making, not just a machine that can be powered and automated.”
These so-called automated agricultural product harvesters, factory production lines, and processing robots Etc is not the incarnation of artificial intelligence technology. It is just an electrical machine that is responsible for simple execution after the program is set by humans. In this way, the technology in the classic scenes of the aforementioned science fiction movies is what artificial intelligence really should be.
Find the artificial intelligence around you
At this stage, artificial intelligence technology has developed rapidly. At present, several macro-technical directions focusing on computer vision, speech recognition, natural language recognition, decision-making planning, and big data analysis have emerged. Major breakthroughs have also been made in other areas. What does it mean? To put it simply, artificial intelligence has been able to realize the intelligent processing of data, such as text, pictures, and voice, and at the same time, it can formulate plans based on events.
In some respects, AI technology has changed the traditional way of life and brought us great convenience. In the medical industry, AI can recognize the results of medical examinations to help diagnose the condition; electronic payments can be made through facial recognition…These are all convenient services that AI brings to us.
The rapid development of AI in ophthalmology is also because the images and information of the eyes are easy to obtain and there are various types, which almost cover the common image types in medicine. In addition, nowadays the degree of automation of instruments and equipment is getting higher and higher, it is easy to obtain high-quality, standardized eye medical data and images, and the integration of image collection and screening can also be achieved, which is very conducive to the application of various AIs. .
Our eyes are the only surface organs that can directly observe blood vessels and nerves in the living body, so it is not only a window to the soul, but also a window to assess the health of the whole body. For example, by observing the changes in these blood vessels, the risk of cardiovascular disease can be predicted. By observing changes in nerves, it is also possible to predict neurological diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease.
European and American countries have collected samples of thousands of children with autism, and carried out whole-genome sequencing on these samples. It was found that more than 100 genes are related to autism. But which of these genes is the causative gene, or which is the causative gene? The Chinese research team is adopting the deep learning method of artificial intelligence to understand this complex mental genetic disease.
After the endoscopic surgical robot is added to the AI, it can automatically identify which lesions are in the human cavity and prompt the doctor to pay attention, thereby reducing the difficulty of the doctor’s operation and reducing the rate of misdiagnosis.
AI is a computer algorithm. It can summarize the knowledge and experience that we humans “feed” to it. When something new and never appeared before, AI can “spit out” its autonomous judgment on this new thing. And forecast. This is AI technology.
Where will artificial intelligence go in the future
Although the current AI technology can perform autonomous operations, it is still a rudimentary algorithm without autonomous consciousness. In the future, there may really be autonomous AI technologies that can autonomously complete human work in all walks of life, even surpass our specialty boundaries, and achieve all-round omnipotence. There is almost nothing they can’t do.
Even if AI can completely change the way we work and live, we don’t have to worry about all jobs being replaced by AI robots. The advancement of artificial intelligence and science and technology all serve mankind. If it deviates from this purpose, it is an anti-human science, and there is no need for it at all. Judging from the experience of several industrial revolutions, although machines have completed a lot of work and saved a lot of manpower, they have not led to large-scale unemployment on a global scale. On the contrary, due to the addition of production machines, humans have more jobs. But what is certain is that in the future, we still have to have a higher level of knowledge and humanities, and constantly improve ourselves. Only in this way can we adapt to the advancement of science and technology and enjoy the convenience brought by science and technology!