艾灸最常用的8个穴位

学艾灸有一个可以称之为“捷径”的方法,那就是从穴位出发,先牢记住几个常用大穴,在这几个穴位基础上延伸和学习,学艾灸必能事半功倍。今天,跟随小编一起看看日常常用的八大黄金穴位吧~ 1 大椎穴 驱寒补阳的人体“太阳” 在我们的身体上,有这样一个养护阳气的穴位——大椎穴,只要用艾灸点亮它,就能让自身这个“小太阳”发光发热,红日当头,滋生出源源不断的能量,一点通诸经,振奋一身之阳气,提高人体免疫力! 大椎穴传统中医称它为“诸阳之会”,是人体的“阳中之阳”,它处于人体战略要地,有着承上启下的作用。如果大椎穴不通,将会堵塞7条经络!分别是督脉、膀胱经、大肠经、小肠经、三焦经、胆经、胃经,其对人体健康的重要性可见一斑。 2 足三里 调和脾胃的明星穴 足三里堪称人体穴位中最耀眼的“明星”之一,不管是专家还是入门级的灸疗爱好者,无不知其“大名”。足三里位于膝眼外下四横指,它具有调理脾胃、补中益气、疏风化湿、扶正祛邪的功能。且宫寒、慢性妇科炎症、卵泡发育不良,都用得上这个“明星级的穴位”。 大多数女性疾病的灸疗调理,都需要艾灸足三里。因为女性的生理特点,常导致气血亏虚、气虚血弱的问题,而气虚血弱是引发女性诸多妇科疾病的根源。艾灸足三里可调和脾胃,增强脾胃的“水谷运化能力”,改善女性的气虚血弱,这就能从源头上治疗妇科疾病。 3 三阴交 女性的不老穴位 对女性来说,三阴交穴尤其重要,可以说是女人的“不老穴”。它是妇科病的“灵丹妙药”,有人就把它称为“女三里”。经常艾灸或按揉此穴,能帮助女性维持年轻,延缓衰老,推迟更年期。 三阴交是脾、肝、肾三条经络交集的穴位,能调理月经,改善皮肤。因为脾化生气血,统摄血液。肝藏血,肾精生气血。而女人只要气血足,月经不调等问题都会消失。女人脸上长斑、痘、皱纹,其实都与月经不调有关。 4 中脘 胃病、胃痛必灸穴位 中脘在胃的中部,占据了胃的主体部分,因此对于脾胃疾病的治疗效果是最好的。所以理所当然地成为脾胃病的常用穴。刺激中脘穴之后,胃的蠕动会增强,表现为幽门开放,胃下缘轻度升高。而且还可以增强巨噬细胞的吞噬活性,提高机体免疫能力。 中脘为胃经募穴,八会穴之腑会,手太阳、少阳、足阳明、任脉之会。主治疾病为:消化系统疾病,如腹胀、腹泻、腹痛、腹鸣、吞酸、呕吐、便秘、黄疸等,此外对一般胃病、食欲不振、目眩、耳鸣、青春痘、精力不济、神经衰弱也很有效。 5 天枢 肠道的清道夫 天枢是大肠之募穴,是阳明脉气所发,主疏调肠腑、理气行滞、消食,是腹部要穴。大量实验和临床验证,针剌或艾灸天枢穴对于改善肠腑功能,消除或减轻肠道功能失常而导致的各种证候具有显著的功效。 除了艾灸,按摩也是天枢穴位很好刺激方法,按摩方法:将自己两掌平放于中腹,两中指正对于脐中,稍加用力后顺时针方向揉动,令腹内有热感为佳。经常按摩可促进肠道蠕动、增强胃动力,调理便秘、治疗腹胀、肠鸣、痛经、肾炎等。 6 气海 一穴暖全身 有一句俗语叫“气海一穴暖全身”,很形象地说明了气海穴的作用。气海穴位于两肾之间,与人的元气相通,是元阳之本,真气生发之处,更是人体生命动力之源泉。气海穴是人体先天元气汇集之处,与人的元气相通,是元阳之本、真气生发之处,更是人体生命动力之源泉,具有培补元气、回阳固脱的作用。 凡是元气不足、元气虚弱的人都可以通过刺激它得到改善。通过刺激此穴能够鼓舞脏腑经络气血的新陈代谢,使之流转循环自动不息,生命因此得以维持。古书气海穴记载气海穴为男性“牛气之海”,也就是说它是精力的源泉。因此“气海”充实,则百病可治,永葆强壮。 7 神阙 一个完美的穴位 神阙穴是一个完美的穴位,既能减肥养颜,又能调和百病!艾灸神阙具有补脾肾,益精气,抗老驻颜之功,有活化细胞、润肤驻颜、紧致肌肤的作用。因为可增强人体抗病能力的功能,所以还可用于体弱多病的人强身健体、老年人的回春延年 。神阙有减肥的功效,艾灸它可以加速新陈代谢,促进脂肪的排出,同样的道理,水肿、小便不利索,也可以艾灸它。 在调理女性问题的时候,时常会添上神阙穴,因为女性体质属寒,寒气重,喜欢往下走,故而很多女性都有宫寒、手脚冰冷的毛病,而艾灸神阙可以温补下元,祛除寒气。神阙置于阴脉之海的任脉上,是阴中之阳,与人体卫气营血相对应。古时候就开始有人熨脐,灸脐,以温中祛寒,调和营卫,疗效出众。 8 命门 生命之火出入的门 命门穴里蕴藏的命火为全身阳气之根,乃“生气之原”,对全身各脏腑的生理活动,有温煦、推动的作用。故曰“五脏之阳气,非此不能发”,能促进人体脏腑机能,另外能推动水液代谢,司肾关之开合。 命门之火为一身阳气之根,人体五脏六腑功能活动的动力之源。若久病伤肾,或年老肾亏,或房事过度等,将致肾阳虚损,命门火衰。命门火衰证的临床表现为肾阳虚证症状兼见精神萎靡,面色晄白或黧黑,畏寒怕冷,男子阳痿精稀清冷,女子胞宫寒冷不孕等症。

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