In the center of one of the most picturesque valleys in the heart of
Pennsylvania lies the village and at one end of its single street stands
the store. On the broad porch of this homely and ancient edifice there is
a long oak bench, rough, and hacked in countless places by the knives of
many generations of loungers. From this bench, looking northward across
an expanse of meadows, a view is had of a low, green ridge, dotted here
and there with white farm buildings. Behind that rise the mountains,
along whose sides on bright days play the fanciful shadows of the clouds.
Close by the store is the rumbling mill, and beyond it runs the creek,
spanned by a wooden bridge whose planking now and then resounds with
the beat of horses’ hoofs, so that it adds its music to the roar of the
mill-wheels and ring of the anvil in the blacksmith shop across the
One July day the stage rattled over the bridge, past the mill and drew up
at the store. The G. A. R. Man, the only passenger, climbed out of the
lumbering vehicle, dragging after him a shapeless, battered carpet-bag.
He limped up the steps in the wake of the driver, who was helping the
Storekeeper with the mail-pouch, and when on the porch stopped and nodded
a greeting to the men who were sitting on the bench kicking their heels
together–the Patriarch, the School Teacher, the Miller, the Tinsmith
and the Chronic Loafer. The loungers gazed solemnly at the new arrival;
at his broad-brimmed, black slouch hat, which though drawn down over his
left temple did not hide the end of a band of court-plaster; at his blue
coat, two of its brass buttons missing; at his trousers, in which there
were several rents that had been clumsily sewed together.
The silence was broken by the School Teacher, who remarked with a
contemptuous curl of the nose, “So you’ve got home from Gettysburg, have
you? From your appearance one would judge that you had come from a battle
instead of a reunion.”
“Huh! A good un–a good un!”
All eyes were turned toward the end of the bench, where sat the Chronic
Loafer. He was a tall, thin, loose-jointed man. Thick, untrimmed locks
of tawny hair fell from beneath his ragged, straw hat, framing a face
whose most prominent features were a pair of deep-set, dull blue eyes,
two sharp, protruding cheek-bones and a week’s growth of red beard. His
attire was simple in the extreme. It consisted of a blue striped, hickory
shirt, at the neck-band of which glistened a large, white china button,
which buttoned nothing, but served solely as an ornament, since no collar
had ever embraced the thin, brown neck above it. A piece of heavy twine
running over the left shoulder and down across the chest supported a pair
of faded, brown overalls, which were adorned at the right knee by a large
patch of white cotton. He was sitting in a heap. His head seemed to join
his body somewhere in the region of his heart. His bare left foot rested
on his right knee and his left knee was encircled by his long arms.
“A good un!” he cried again.
Then he suddenly uncoiled himself, throwing back his head until it struck
the wall behind him, and swung his legs wildly to and fro.
“Well, what air you so tickled about now?” growled the G. A. R. Man.
“I was jest a-thinkin’ that you’d never come outen no battle lookin’ like
that,” drawled the Loafer.
He nudged the Miller with his elbow and winked at the Teacher. Forthwith
the three broke into loud fits of laughter.
The Patriarch pounded his hickory stick vigorously on the floor, pulled
his heavy platinum rimmed spectacles down to the tip of his nose and over
their tops gazed in stern disapproval.
“Boys, boys,” he said, “no joshing. It ain’t right to josh.”
“True–true,” said the Loafer. He had wrapped himself up again and was
in repose. “My pap allus use to say, ‘A leetle joshin’ now an’ then is
relished be the wisest men–that is, ef they hain’t the fellys what’s
The G. A. R. Man had been leaning uneasily against a pillar. On this
amicable speech from his chief tormenter, the frown that had been playing
over his face gave way to a broad grin, three white teeth glistening in
the open space between his stubby mustache and beard.
“Yes,” he said, “I hev come home afore my ’scursion ticket expired.” He
removed his hat and disclosed a great patch of plaster on his forehead.
“Ye see Gettysburg was a sight hotter fer me yesterday than in ’63. But
I’ve got to the eend o’ my story.”
“So that same old yarn you’ve ben tellin’ at every camp-fire sence the
war is finished at last. That’s a blessin’!” cried the Miller.
“I never knowd you was in the war. I thot you jest drawed a pension,”
interrupted the Loafer.
The veteran did not heed these jibes but fixed himself comfortably on
the upturned end of his carpet-bag.
“Teacher, I’ve never seen you at any of our camp-fires,” he began.
“Consekently the eend o’ my story won’t do you no good ’less you knows
the first part. So I’ll tell you ’bout my experience at the battle o’
Gettysburg an’ then explain my second fight there. I was in the war
bespite the insinooations o’ them ez was settin’ on that same bench
in the day o’ the nation’s danger. I served as a corporal in the
Two-hundred-and-ninety-fifth Pennsylwany Wolunteers an’ was honorable
discharged in ’63.”
“Fer which discharge he gits his pension,” the Loafer ventured.
“That ain’t so. I cot malary an’ several other complaints in the
Wilterness that henders me workin’ steady. It was no wonder, either, fer
our retchment was allus fightin’. We was knowd ez the Bloody Pennsylwany
retchment, fer we’d ben in every battle from Bull Run on, an’ hed had
some wery desp’rate engagements. ’Henever they was any chargin’ to be
done, we done it; ef they was a fylorn hope, we was on it; ef they was
a breastwork to be tuk, we tuk it. You uns can imagine that be the eend
o’ two years sech work, we was pretty bad cut up. ’Hen the army chased
the rebels up inter this state we was with it, but afore the fight at
Gettysburg it was concided that sence they wasn’t many of us, we’d better
be put to guardin’ baggage wagons. That was a kind o’ work that didn’t
take many men, but required fighters in caset the enemy give the boys in
front a slip an’ sneaked een on our rear.”
The School Teacher coughed learnedly and raised a hand to indicate that
he had something to say. Having secured the floor, he began: “When Darius
the First invaded Europe he had so many women, children and baggage
wagons in his train that—-”
“See here,” cried the Patriarch, testily. “Dar’us was afore my time, I
allow. We don’t care two snaps o’ a ram’s tail ’bout Dar’us. We wants to
know ’bout them bloody Pennsylwanians.”
The pedagogue shook his head in condemnation of the ignorance of his
companions, but allowed the G. A. R. Man to proceed.
“Durin’ the first day’s engagement our retchment, with a couple of
others, an’ the trains, was ’bout three mile ahint Cemetary Hill, but on
the next mornin’ we was ordered back twenty mile. It was hard to hev to
drive off inter the country ’hen the boys was hevin’ it hot bangin’ away
at the enemy, but them was orders, an’ a soldier allus obeys orders.
“The fightin’ begin airly that day. We got the wagons a-goin’ afore
sun-up, but it wasn’t long tell we could hear the roar o’ the guns, an’
see the smoke risin’ in clouds an’ then settlin’ down over the country.
We felt pretty blue, too, ez we went trampin’ along, fer the wounded an’
stragglers was faster ’an we. They’d come hobblin’ up with bad news,
sayin’ how the boys was bein’ cut up along the Emmettsburg road, an’
how we’d better move faster, ez the army was losin’ an’ the rebels ’ud
soon be een on us. Then they’d hobble away agin. Them wasn’t our only
troubles, either. The mules was behavin’ mean an’ cuttin’ up capers, an’
the wagons was breakin’ down. Then we hed to be continual watchin’ fer
them Confederate cavalry we was expectin’ was a-goin’ to pounce down on
“Evenin’ come, an’ we lay to fer the night. The fires was started, an’
the coffee set a-boilin’, an’ we had a chancet to rest a while. The
wounded an’ the stragglers that jest filled the country kep’ comin’ in
all the time, sometim’s alone, sometim’s in twos an’ threes, some with
their arms tied up in all sorts o’ queer ways, or hobblin’ on sticks, or
with their heads bandaged; about the miserablest lot o’ men I ever see.
The noise of the fight stopped, an’ everything was quiet an’ peaceful
like nawthin’ hed ben happenin’. The quiet an’ the dark an’ the fear we
was goin’ to meet the enemy at any minute made it mighty onpleasant, an’
what with the stories them wounded fellys give us, we didn’t rest wery
“I went out on the picket line at ten o’clock. Seemed I hedn’t ben there
an hour tell I made out the dark figure of a man comin’ th’oo the fiel’s
wery slow like. Me an’ the fellys with me watched sharp. Sudden the man
stopped, hesitated like an’ sank down in a heap. Then he picked himself
up an’ come staggerin’ on. He couldn’t ’a’ ben more’n fifty yards away
’hen he th’owed up his hands an’ pitched for’a’d on his face. Me an’ me
buddy run out an’ carried him inter the fire. But it wasn’t no uset. He
“They was a bullet wound in his shoulder, an’ his clothes was soaked
with blood that hed ben drippin’, drippin’ tell he fell the last time. I
opened his coat, an’ in his pocket foun’ a letter, stamped, an’ directed
apparent to his wife–that was all to tell who he was. So I went back to
me post thinkin’ no more of it an’ never noticin’ that that man’s coat
’ud ’a’ fit two of him.
“Mornin’ come, an’ the firin’ begin over toward Gettysburg. We could see
the smoke risin’ agin an’ hear the big guns bellerin’ tell the ground
beneath our feet seemed to swing up an’ down. I tell you uns that was a
grand scene. We was awful excited, fer we knowd the first two days hed
gone agin us, an’ more an’ more stragglers an’ wounded come limpin’ back,
all with bad news. I was gittin’ nervous, thinkin’ an’ thinkin’ over it,
an’ wishin’ I was where the fun was. Then I concided mebbe I wasn’t so
bad off, fer I might ’a’ been killed like the poor felly I seen the night
before, an’ in thinkin’ o’ the man I remembered the letter an’ got it
out. I didn’t ’tend to open it, but final I thot it wasn’t safe to go
mailin’ letters ’thout knowin’ jest what was in ’em, so I read it.
“The letter was wrote on a piece o’ wrappin’ paper in an awful bad
handwrite, but ’hen I got th’oo it I set plumb down an’ cried like a
chil’. It was from John Parker to his wife Mary, livin’ somewhere out in
western Pennsylwany. He begin be mentionin’ how we was on the eve of a
big fight an’ how he ’tended to do his duty even ef it come to fallin’
at his post. It was hard, he sayd, but he knowd she’d ruther hev no
husban’ than a coward. He was allus thinkin’ o’ her an’ the baby he’d
never seen, but felt satisfaction in knowin’ they was well fixed. It was
sorrerful, he continyerd, that she was like to be a widdy so young, an’
he wasn’t goin’ to be mean about it. He allus knowd, he sayd, how she’d
hed a hankerin’ after young Silas Quincy ’fore she tuk him. Ef he fell,
he thot she’d better merry Silas ’hen she’d recovered from the ’fects o’
his goin’. He ended up with a lot o’ last ‘good-bys’ an’ talk about duty
to his country.
“Right then an’ there I set down an’ wrote that poor woman a few lines
tellin’ how I’d foun’ the letter in her dead husban’s pocket. I was
goin’ to quit at that, but I concided it ’ud be nice to add somethin’
consolin’, so I told how we’d foun’ him on the fiel’ o’ battle, face to
the enemy, an’ how his last words was fer her an’ the baby. That day we
won the fight, an’ the next I mailed Mrs. Parker her letter. It seemed
about the plum blamedest, saddest thing I ever hed to do with.”
“I’ve allus ben cur’ous ’bout that widdy, too,” the Chronic Loafer
The Teacher cleared his throat and recited:
“Now night her course began, and over heaven
Inducing darkness grateful truce imposed,
And silence on the odious din of war;
Under her cloud—-”
“No poetry jist yet, Teacher,” said the veteran. “Wait tell you hear the
sekal o’ the story.”
“Yes, let’s hev somethin’ new,” growled the Miller.
Having silenced the pedagogue, the G. A. R. Man resumed his narrative.
“I never heard no more o’ Widdy Parker tell last night, an’ then it come
most sudden. Our retchment hed a reunion on the fiel’ this year, you
know, an’ on Monday I went back to Gettysburg fer the first time sence I
was honorable discharged. The boys was all there, what’s left o’ ’em, an’
we jest hed a splendid time wisitin’ the monyments an’ talkin’ over the
days back in ’63. There was my old tent-mate, Sam Thomas, on one leg,
an’ Jim Luckenbach, who was near tuk be yaller janders afore Petersburg.
There was the colonel, growed old an’ near blind, an’ our captain an’ a
hundred odd others.
“Well, last night we was a lot of us a-settin’ in the hotel tellin’
stories. It come my turn an’ I told about the dead soldier’s letter. A
big felly in a unyform hed ben leanin’ agin the bar watchin’ us. ’Hen
I begin he pricked up his ears a leetle. Ez I got furder an’ furder he
seemed to git more an’ more interested, I noticed. By an’ by I seen he
was becomin’ red an’ oneasy, an’ final ’hen I’d finished he walks acrosst
the room to where we was settin’ an’ stands there starin’ at me, never
“A minute passed. I sais, sais I, ‘Well, comrade, what air you starin’ so
“Sais he, ‘That letter was fer Mary Parker?’
“‘True,’ sais I, surprised.
“‘Dead sure?’ sais he.
“‘Sure,’ sais I.
“Then he shakes his fist an’ yells, ‘I’ve ’tended most every reunion here
sence the war hopin’ to meet the idjet that sent that letter to my wife
an’ wrote that foolishness ’bout findin’ my dead body. After twenty-five
years I’ve foun’ you!’
“He pulls off his coat. The boys all jumps up.
“I, half skeert to death, cries, ‘But you ain’t the dead man!’
“‘Dead,’ he yells. ‘Never ben near it. Nor did I ’tend to hev every blame
fool in the army mailin’ my letters nuther. Because you finds a man with
my coat on, that hain’t no reason he’s me. I was gittin’ to the rear with
orders ez lively ez a cricket an’ th’owed off that coat jest because it
was warm runnin’.’
“‘Hen I seen what I’d done I grabs his arm, I was so excited, an’ cries,
‘Did she merry Silas Quincy?’
“‘It wasn’t your fault she didn’t,’ he sais, deliberate like, rollin’
up his sleeves. ‘I got home two days after the letter an’ stopped the
weddin’ party on their way to church.’”